Bacteria vs. Fungus
All the living creatures are divided as either prokaryotes or eukaryotes this classification depends upon where the DNA exists. A prokaryotic cell does not have nuclear membrane surrounding the nucleus whereas eukaryotic nucleus is surrounded with a nuclear membrane.[wp_ad_camp_1]
According to this basic division, bacteria are prokaryotic, and fungi (plural of fungus) are eukaryotic. Apart from the differences, bacteria and fungi have something common too. Both of them bacteria and fungi have a same feature such as living and reproducing. Majority of them are microscopic. Few of bacteria and fungi are parasitic.
Bacteria are the most vintage group of living creatures. Their cell structure is very simple. Majority of the bacteria’s are unicellular, but may have some special characteristics; having chains or clusters. Basically, they do not have nucleus surrounded with the nuclear membrane; so, they are called prokaryotes. The average length of a bacterium ranges from 0.1µm to 10µm. their DNA is circular naked, which is not covered with histone proteins. 70s ribosomes are related with cells, synthesizing proteins. Although some of the organelles can be viewed in bacteria cells, they are not enclosed with membranes. The cell wall is made up of murein, which is made up of polysaccharide with amino acids. Due to the variation in cell wall structure bacteria can be sub categorized into two different groups called Gram negative and Gram positive. Bacteria reproduce both the ways asexually by binary fission and sexually by genetic recombination. Bacteria contain many environments such as soil, air, water, dust. They can also occur at extreme environments such as volcanoes, deep-sea, alkaline or acid water. Bacteria are either photoautotrophs or heterotrophs.[wp_ad_camp_1]
As we know that plant and animal fungi are eukaryotes, which contain a true nucleus, they have been categorized separately for animals and plants. Fungi have a unusual unique body structure, which can be easily differentiated from other kingdoms. Fungi consist of hyphae, which look like a thread, and all hyphae together are known as mycelium (mold). Fungi can be discovered as unicellular organisms may be as yeast (Saccharomyces) and also in multi cellular organisms such as Penicillium. All these two categories of fungi have ineastic cell wall made up of chitin which is a nitrogen having polysaccharide. These fungi cells have eukaryotic organelles, Golgi bodies, ribosomes, vacuoles, and endoplasmic reticulum inside them. They have surrounded with a membrane or two. Genetic material is DNA which is enveloped with histone proteins. By mean of spores fungi can carry both types of reproductions, sexual and asexual. Fungi are further classified according to the type of reproduction they carry. Zygomycota, Ascomycota, Basidiomycota, and Deuteromycota are four phyla of fungi.
Difference between Bacteria and Fungi
- The basic difference between bacteria and fungi is bacteria are prokaryotes while on the other hand fungi are eukaryotes.
- Bacteria do not have nucleus surrounded with nuclear membrane, but fungi have.
- Bacteria can easily occur at harsh environments such as volcanoes, deep-sea, alkaline or acid water whereas fungi cannot occur at such extreme environments.
- Bacteria are either photoautotrophs or heterotrophs, but fungi are only heterotrophs.