Difference between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals

A mineral has a crystal structure and is a naturally occurring solid and inorganic constituent having a definite chemical formula. Minerals are natural geological materials that are mined for their economic and commercial value. They are utilized in their natural form or after isolation and purification both as raw materials and as ingredients in an extensive range of applications. These minerals can be grouped into two major classes; these two classes are named as metallic and non-metallic minerals. The earth is build up from the combination of both the metallic and non-metallic minerals. However, non-metallic elements are more in quantity than the metallic elements. The major and key difference between metallic and non-metallic minerals is that metallic mineral is a combination of minerals that can be melted to get new products while on the other hand non-metallic minerals are a combination of minerals that do melt to produce new products. Apart from this key difference, metallic minerals are usually attained from ores while on the other hand non-metallic minerals are basically attained from industrial rocks and minerals. This discussion explains all the various chemical and physical properties and the differences between metallic minerals and non-metallic minerals.

Metallic Minerals

Metallic minerals are the type of mineral that consists one or more metallic elements. Metallic mineral basically have glossy surfaces. These minerals are good conductors of heat and electricity, and can be easily pounded into thin sheets or stretched into wires. They are commonly utilized to make tools and weapons. Metallic minerals are deposited in gold nuggets, volcanic areas, sedimentary rocks and hot springs. When metallic minerals are scooped out, they are called as ores, and ores must be handled further to isolate the metals. First of all the ore is crushed and then the metallic minerals are isolated from unwanted rock to produce a concentrate.

Non-metallic Minerals

Non-metallic minerals are the type of minerals that consist chemical elements lacking the properties and characteristics of metals. These minerals are mainly consisting of carbon, phosphorus, sulphur, selenium, and iodine. Best and famous examples of non-metallic minerals are limestone, dolomite, magnesite, phosphorite, talc, quartz, mica, clay, silica sand, gemstones, decorative and dimension stones, construction materials, etc. Non-metallic minerals are present in rocks, ores, and gems. Rocks can be built of completely of non-mineral material. For example, coal is a sedimentary rock composed principally of naturally derived carbon. Gem minerals are frequently present in several different gemstones, for example, ruby and sapphire, etc.

What is the difference between Metallic and Non-metallic Minerals?



You can get new products by melting the metallic minerals.

Non-metallic minerals do not give new products on melting.


Heat and Electricity:

Metallic minerals are known as good conductors of heat and electricity.

While on the other hand Non-metallic minerals are good insulators of heat and electricity and are very poor conductors of heat and electricity.


Natural Abundance:

Ores have a high concentration of metallic minerals.

Rocks and gems have a high concentration of non-metallic minerals.


Metallic minerals are associated with metamorphosis and igneous rocks while non metallic is associated with sedimentary rocks.

Physical characteristics:

Non metallic minerals lacks luster or shine unlike  metallic minerals they are also not very hard as metallic minerals.

Metallic minerals are ductile and malleable  on the opposite non metallic are not.

Non metallic are easier the break than metallic minerals.

Difference between Afferent and Efferent

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