Education has an impact on all areas of our lives.
Education is a fundamental right that helps not only the development of a country, but also of each individual. Its importance goes beyond the increase in individual income or the chances of getting a job.”Asking about the importance of education is like asking what the importance of air is for us. It is through education that we learn to prepare ourselves for life.
Through Education, we guarantee our social, economic and cultural development. The right to quality education is basic because it ensures the fulfillment of other rights. “Without knowledge or access to information, how can I know that I have the right to health and well-being, a healthy environment, adequate working conditions, and dignity .
The impacts of education are extensive and profound. See what else a quality education does for the individual and for the country:
1. Fighting poverty
The more people study, the more opportunities they will have in the job market. A person who has completed a postgraduate degree is 422% more likely to get a job than someone who did not become literate. Who studies also gains more: the salary of a graduate is 544% greater than that received by the illiterates. (Research You in the Labor Market of FGV )
This impact is noticeable in all levels of schooling. If all students in low-income countries left school knowing how to read, 71 million people could emerge from poverty, according to the Global Monitoring for Education for All report. The report also showed that each extra year of schooling increases incomes up to 10%.
2. It makes the economy grow
Good education improves a country’s economy.”When we look back and compare the economic performance of 50 countries and a large number of variables, what stands out is the power of education,” said New York University professor Paul Romer in an interview to Exame Magazine.
Countries that prioritize quality education in the last decades, such as South Korea and Ireland, are experiencing above average economic growth. The UNESCO report showed that each additional year of schooling raises the annual average GDP by 0.37%.
With better jobs and higher incomes, individuals can consume more and rely less on public policies against poverty. The increase in the rate of employment and consumption also translate into more taxes collected by the government, which in theory results in social improvements.
3. Promotes Health
A mother who has had access to quality education is better able to take care of the health of her children, since it is more sensitive to the importance of prevention, vaccination and hygiene habits, besides knowing how to seek treatment when necessary .UNESCO’s Global Monitoring for Education for All report showed that a child whose mother knows how to read has a 50% greater chance of surviving after five years of age.
In addition to reducing infant mortality and reducing fertility, education is also linked to healthier habits.Individuals with higher levels of schooling are also less likely to be obese and to smoke daily, this relationship remains evident regardless of gender, age and income.
4. Reduces violence
More than poverty in absolute terms, social inequality is one of the factors related to violence. If Education is able to impact on reducing this inequality, it also contributes to a less violent society. In addition, Education helps to overcome intolerance. UN Secretary-General Nassir Abdulaziz Al-Nasser once said in an interview with Terra that “Education is fundamental to dealing with the ignorance and mistrust that are at the heart of human conflict. Education helps to overcome stereotypes and intolerance, and win the battle against the ignorance. ” Ban ki-moon said , “It has been said that knowledge is power. We need to strengthen education systems so that young people can benefit from cultural diversity, and not be victimized by those who exploit differences.”
5. Guarantees access to other rights
It is in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: it is through education and education that the promotion of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is promoted. “Education will promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations and racial or religious groups.” (Article XXVI)
The sociologist and researcher of the Carlos Chagas Foundation, Sandra Unbehaum, says that access to education allows individuals to be aware of and know that they are subjects of rights, that is, they have rights guaranteed by law and may require that they are fulfilled. “Without knowledge or access to information, how can I know that I have the right to health and well-being, I have the right to a healthy environment, I have the right to adequate working conditions, I have the right to be treated with dignity?”
6. Helps protect the environment
As we become citizens more aware of the impacts of our activities on nature, Education helps to preserve the environment by educating people to sustainable decisions that meet present needs without harming future generations.
7. Increases happiness
People who study more also say they are happier than those who did not study or could not study. The OECD study “What are the social benefits of education?”showed that personal satisfaction among people who have studied up to the higher level is greater than the satisfaction of those who have stopped high school.
8. Strengthens democracy and citizenship
In addition to training citizens who are more critical and aware of their rights, Education also helps society fulfill its civic duties. Among young people, the educational level is also related to the rate of the population that votes. The OECD study “What are the social benefits of education?” surveyed 27 countries and found that 80 percent of young people with higher education go to the polls, while the number among those with no higher education drops to 54 percent.The study also concluded that more educated adults are also more socially engaged.
9. Helps understand the world
Good education has broad results: it contributes to the economic growth of the country and to the promotion of social equality, but its impact is also decisive in one’s life.
Many countries see education as a priority but , there is still the illusion that studying is just a way to open doors to the job market. Education is much more than that. “It’s as if people have the illusion that a certificate means education in fact, but that does not translate into a person’s fundamental ability to critically see what happens around them, to communicate others about their ideas, to create things in their daily life .One is deceived who imagines that to reflect on the world in which he lives is only important for academics or intellectuals. “The understanding of the world is important for any human being .What I can do for myself, my family and my society comes true from the knowledge I possess, which allows me to understand what happens around me and allows me to act in a meaningful way in any context that I live .
The importance of studies is valid regardless of social class. In a middle-class family, access to culture, travel, and other elements complement what the school offers. In lower social classes, which generally have less access to information and opportunities, the school should be even more relevant. For them, the school is possibly the main gateway to this knowledge about everything that humanity has produced, has already thought and has already understood about life .