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Differences between Republic and Monarchy

Monarchy and democracy are forms of government as old as they are in force. A monarchy is defined as the form of government in the figure of the head of the state falls on a single person. The monarchy is usually thought of as directly opposed to a republic or a democracy. A democracy , on the other hand, is the form of government in which the will of the majority imposes itself. In a democracy the people governs and right there is where the main difference between monarchies and democracies lies.

Comparison table

Democracy
Monarchy
Definition Most rule. In a democracy an individual or group of individuals that integrate a minority have no power against the unlimited power of the majority. It is a case of the majority over the minority. A monarchy is government in the hands of one. Who rules is the monarch, a king in many cases. The sovereignty of the State falls absolutely on this person, although today it is usually regulated by other institutions.
Etymology As for the word democracy, this is of Greek origin and means “a government of the people.” The word monarchy, on the other hand, comes from the Latin monarch?a and literally means “state that is governed by a sovereign.”
Philosophy The voice of all citizens has the same value and weight when making decisions. The voice of the sovereign is above that of the people and is definitive. There are cases where other institutions can intervene, but it depends on each country.
Some examples As for current examples, more than half of the countries of the modern world, including the United States, Canada, Western Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, among others. There are still some monarchies. The most notable are Belgium, Spain, Denmark, Sweden, the United Kingdom , Monaco, Saudi Arabia, Cambodia, Japan, among many other countries.
Historically Ancient Rome and Greece are the two greatest examples of this ideology. Previously monarchies were the predominant form of government. Some of the most renowned monarchies in antiquity include France, Portugal, Spain, the United Kingdom, Scotland, among others.
Types Some variations of democracy include direct democracy, parliamentary democracy, representative democracy and presidential democracy, among others. As for the variations of the monarchies, are the elective monarchy, catholic monarchy, feudal monarchy, popular monarchy, etc.

Monarchy ( is Absolute) and the Republic are different ways in which States are governed. This is because there are several types of Monarchies , in which the King’s participation in the Government is defined.

Monarchy
 is a political regime in which the Head of State is a King or Monarch who has not been democratically elected, but the transfer of authority occurs in hereditary form, that is, from father to son without intervening at will popular.

In the case of the Republic , which is also a political regime, the Head of State is a President who has been democratically elected by his peers by secret ballot.

The absolute monarch directs and controls the three powers of the state: executive, legislative and judicial, while in the Republic , the three powers are independent, the executive and legislative being elected democratically, and the judiciary is elected by members of the government.

Another difference is that in the Monarchy , the reign of the King is for life, unless he abdicates for personal reasons. In the Republic , the President is elected for a certain period, either 4 or 6 years, after which elections are called again.

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