This article will discuss the positive and negative aspects of technology has in the world in which we live and which advantages and disadvantages to introduced in our lives.
Since ancient times man has used his inventive capacity to act on the world and change reality.
This fact is manifested throughout history in a progressive technological development, key in improving the quality of life of different societies by offering the possibility of facing problems that in the past had no solution or approach them more efficiently.
We currently live in the infographic society, based on the generation of images using digital media .
In this sense, the appearance of the Internet in the mid-1990s led to a structural change in society “which was to move from industrial production to the information economy, from hierarchical structures to decentralization networks and from local markets to the global ones “.
The process of globalization brought with it a greater technological development that affected all areas of reality, especially in the field of human relations with the world and its peers. In this context, there has been a global diffusion of ideas because the world is interconnected through an artificial networking system.
The computer, once born as an instrument put at the service of the human being to cover the need to quantify the world, has multiplied its original functions transforming into a powerful tool of an audiovisual and interactive nature.
With this, it could be affirmed that, even today, a kind of cyberworld is forming that influences decisively in the relation of the human being with the environment because “the information society generates its own social-technological culture, called” cyberculture “Or” digital culture “.
It should be remembered that the new technologies are born for personal use and impose a self-service, ultimately conceived to cover the need to consume information. In short, digital natives want to be privileged spectators of events, demanding a quick and simple knowledge of the world around them.
This explains that the information has been adapted to the computer science, spreading more dynamically. The computer transforms the analog into digital because culture lives, develops and organizes both from its contents and adapting to its premises.
Thus, technological resources are a means to develop a correct dissemination of information, using the image as a channel of transmission and a link between science and the rest of society.
With this, the application of information and communication technologies (ICT) is an indisputable fact in all areas of knowledge, benefiting from the technical possibilities offered by the new language.
The tools used by the new technologies are used in everyday life both in the workplace and for the development of relationships between several individuals, a fact that has caused a rapid change in the way humans interact with world.
In this case, we will briefly discuss the advantages and disadvantages derived from the use of technology as well as the role it currently plays in various fields of science.
Positive aspects of new technologies in society
One of the possible advantages in the incorporation of these new technologies to the society has been undeniably for the communication.
That is to say, it has allowed us to get in touch quickly and effectively with people who are in other parts of the world, something that was materially impossible years ago. Thanks to this benefit, the relationships and the information available to us have been universalized.
Not only have there been changes in the way we communicate, we also find them in the different forms of leisure and entertainment that we have today as video games, television, movies …
All these tools have been progressively evolving thus giving a better service to citizens in both quality and efficiency.
The incorporation of new technologies has also changed the way we work and learn. ICT has caused the emergence of new fields and work positions, such as teleworking.
In addition, it has favored that the way of working continues increasingly an abstract pattern, since it only needs to handle the computer eliminating all face-to-face communication with anyone.
Regarding education, the incorporation of new technologies has affected all three modalities: formal, informal and non-formal, as well as in their different levels of education, from initial to higher. The possibilities they offer are according to García (2007):
- Improvement of the range of informative offer . Currently we have a multitude of virtual courses with great information, which allows the student to learn the same content in different ways.
- Creation of less rigid environments for learning . When using the Internet you do not need to follow a rigid schedule, but it facilitates that the person can be formed at the schedules that suits you best.
- Elimination of space-time barriers between teacher and students . The new technologies allow the pupil-teacher relationship to be closer, since the student will be able to communicate with him through all the tools provided by training platforms such as e-mail, videoconferencing …
- Increase of communicative modalities , enhancement of scenarios and interactive environments.
- Promote both independent learning and self-learning as well as collaborative and group learning . Through this new modality of teaching the student is the one who seeks the information and critically select the one that best serves the lesson he is studying. You can also work in a team through the tools that exist.
- Break the classic formative scenarios , limited in school institutions, new ways of guiding and tutoring students and facilitate lifelong learning.
In addition, it has made it possible to adapt the teaching-learning processes to people with disabilities or special educational needs, thus strengthening the social inclusion of these people in the educational field.
It has also positively affected the sciences such as medicine, because we now have devices and devices for the detection and diagnosis of more efficient diseases and even to find cures for diseases through discoveries of vaccines and new treatments.
Finally, talk about the effects it has had in the field of industry and commerce, which has served to create new models of devices to optimize the production processes and thus achieve greater production in less time.
Disadvantages of incorporating new technologies into society
Although the incorporation of new technologies has improved our way of life, we do not always find only advantages in its use. Along with the progressive evolution of technology society has been changing its values and behaviors and therefore its culture.
People have been transformed because of their incorporation into daily life to the point of preferring to speak through some machine instead of in person. Not only has it affected us in the way we relate but also in which we speak, thus causing another disadvantage the incomprehension.
Since we are losing face-to-face communication and we only talk through devices, we may not understand exactly what they are telling us. It is we who read the information and imagine the intonation or how the other person is telling us, this often leads to error and even discussion.
In addition, this incorporation has caused diseases and disorders such as cyber addiction or even dependence on these devices, especially mobile. It has even fostered risks and crimes that previously only appeared in the “real world” such as pederasts, scammers, mafias …
Technology can also be understood as a disadvantage in itself by the use that the human being can give it. At present, such rapid development has led to its use to create weapons or equipment for wars between countries.
Another problem presented by ICTs is the digital divide understood by Serrano and Martínez (2003) as “the separation between people (communities, states, countries …) that use Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) as a routine part of their daily lives and those who do not have access to them and even if they have them they do not know how to use them.
As we have seen before, we can not understand society without technology, that is, there is a close relationship between the two. At one time it was strange that there was a TV at home and if any family had it, it was only composed of two or three channels and a little programming.
At present, not only televisions are part of our life; in addition to this device we need to live the computer, tablet, laptop, digital watches …
To all this we have to add the missing complement, the Internet, without which none of the above could be used in order to communicate, update, share information or entertain us.
Without them we are left out of society, because now everything moves through the network to such an extent that if you do not have a mobile you are not part of this world.
All this technology affects us in two ways: both positively and negatively. It is true that the incorporation of new technologies into society and daily life has allowed and allows us to live easier and more comfortable, but we also have to question if it is really so and if we are able to control it without her controlling us US.