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Difference between Science and Philosophy

Are Philosophy and Science the Same Things? On what science is based and what are the fundamentals it uses. Philosophy is religion the same thing? What is philosophy and the principles that it defends.

Science and philosophy are two very different areas, with different characteristics of their own. See in this article in detail what one area differs from the other, in addition to its main definitions and its characteristics.

Table of Contents

Science

We can associate science with any systematic knowledge or practice, that is, science is the system of obtaining knowledge based on a scientific method, as well as the organized body of knowledge obtained through such research. It is worth mentioning that science is the effort to unravel and elevate human knowledge of how the Universe really works. And it can refer to the investigation or rational study of the Universe, related to the discovery of the universal truth and / or reality and to the organized body of knowledge obtained by such research or studies.

Science is nothing more than the system of knowledge or knowledge which comprehends general truths or the operation of general laws principally obtained and tested by the scientific method. It is worth mentioning that the word science has several meanings, which comprises knowledge, that is, knowledge of some things that lead to life or business, the set of knowledge obtained through practice or study, and hierarchy, organization or the synthesis of knowledge through general models and principles, such as theories and laws.

We can define science as something unique, that is, if a body of knowledge is made before the rigors of the scientific method, this is science, otherwise it is enough to transcend the scientific method in any place, it is not.

Philosophy

Philosophy is the study of the fundamental problems associated with existence, moral and aesthetic values, knowledge, mind, truth and language. As we approach these problems, know that philosophy is distinguished from religion and mythology by its emphasis and its focus on various rational arguments. Philosophy differs from scientific research by not usually resorting to empirical processes in its investigations. It is worth mentioning that his methods include logical argumentation, thinking experiments, conceptual analysis, and several other a priori methods.

It is interesting to mention that in the twentieth century, philosophy became a professionalized university discipline, similar to other academic disciplines. In this way, it has become less general and more specialized. Note that for reasons of convenience and specialization, we group philosophical problems in thematic sub-areas, such as epistemology, metaphysics, aesthetics, logic, ethics, and political philosophy.

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