Cosmetic acne is a common complaint in people over thirty. It is caused by poorly chosen cosmetics for care and make-up. If you notice a deteriorating skin condition, check the composition of the most commonly used care products. This favorite cosmetics cause pimples and blackheads that annoy long after puberty.
Acne lesions on the skin arise when sebaceous duct cells, which the sebumglands produced by the glandsmigrate to the skin surface, are excessively keratinized. The sebum does not then find its way out, which creates blackheads . When the bacteria multiply in sebum cause inflammation, a classic purulent eczema arises. Unlike other forms of acne, this cosmetic is not triggered by inflammation or hormones. Its cause is poorly selected cosmetics that accumulate in the mouths of sebaceous glands, blocking them.
What does cosmetic acne look like?
This variation of acne is difficult to distinguish from common acne , because the changes are very similar to each other. Cosmetic acne may look like ordinary blackheads, subcutaneous nodules, purulent blemishes or papules. It happens that it coexists with acne of hormonal origin, which makes it difficult to make the right diagnosis.
What cosmetics cause cosmetic acne?
This ailment can be caused by any cosmetic that stays on the skin long enough to block its pores – day cream, night cream, cosmetics for the sun and make-up. It can also be caused by products for hair care and styling – oils, masks, conditioners , foams or varnishes – the fact that this is the case can be identified by the fact that acne lesions locate on the skin just next to the hairline.
A greater risk of this occurrence exists when cosmetics used on a daily basis contain components recognized as comedogenic, i.e. blocking pores and causing blackheads. The list of these substances has more than 200 items, the most commonly used are paraffin and its derivatives, talc, lanolin, silicones, dyes, fragrances, algae and certain vegetable oils , e.g. avocado and cotton.
How is cosmetic acne treated?
The key to treating this disorder is to recognize which cosmetic is responsible for it – and to stop it as soon as possible. It is not easy if you use a lot of different preparations on a daily basis. If the lesions are located on the forehead, chin or cheeks, the culprit is likely to be day or night cream or make-up cosmetics. If they appear in specific places, e.g. around the eyes, there may be an under eye cream or a blackout concealer . Acne lesions around the lips are probably the lip balmor lipstick.
After discontinuing the “suspicious” cosmetics, the changes should resolve themselves (usually within two weeks). Blackheads and pimples can not be squeezed. To quickly improve the appearance of the skin, you can use an enzyme peeling twice a week , which will not irritate the skin and will not spread the bacteria present in the sebum. For everyday care, it’s worth to use creams and tonics with AHA acids , which slightly exfoliate the skin, or natural cosmetics with antibacterial properties, e.g. with tea tree oil or witch hazel. Locally, for purulent, inflamed lesions, dry and antibacterial preparations, such as zinc ointment, can be used. However, when the acne persists and the changes last longer than 6 weeks, a visit to the dermatologist is necessary.
Cosmetic acne – how to prevent relapse?
The tendency to acne changes induced by cosmetics can be reduced by using cosmetics whose ingredients are non-comedogenic, ie they do not clog the skin. The water-based ones, which do not contain fats such as oil or petrolatum, are better . The night cream should have a slightly exfoliating effect (those with the addition of vitamin A derivatives) work well. Instead of a heavy, opaque foundation, it is better to use light fluid.
Additional reading :1. Adult Acne