Fever, headache, congestion, stuffy nose, body aches, tiredness, sneezing, and dry or secreted cough are the most incident symptoms in these autumnal months. Children or adults, almost no one escapes colds or the flu.
Once the malaise begins, most people are looking for medicine to relieve the symptoms of discomfort. Many use some previously prescribed by the doctor, which they already know and which, ideally, worked well and worked well. Until then, all right.
The problem is that the flu can last for more than a week. Symptoms of major discomfort abate, but the feeling of tiredness, congestion, and especially coughing tend to persist.
Nighttime coughing impairs sleep. Morning coughing frightens those who cough and also family members who feel the flu is “badly healed” or that there is “something” else that needs to be investigated.
Parents are afflicted by the children’s cough. Nasal discharge may become yellow or even more greenish
For all this, many people want to take an antibiotic to “heal faster” and shorten the time of coughing and congestion.
Does it work?
Let us understand. Flu is caused by viruses. The only specific treatment for influenza virus is a drug called oseltamivir, for which there are precise indications, including as to the timing of administration; which should be at the first symptoms of the flu picture. At the end of the process it does not make any difference.
Antibiotics are specific to bacteria. The flu is not caused by bacteria. So the antibiotic does not work for the flu.
The big question is that the flu can “open the door” to a secondary bacterial infection, such as a sinus infection. In this case, the congestion is so much that the secretion accumulates in the sinuses and is contaminated secondarily with bacteria. Then, antibiotics can be prescribed. But it is the physician who must judge whether there is need.
We must remember that resistance to antibiotics is a very serious and very serious problem nowadays. The use of antibiotics should be restricted to the cases they really need, according to clinical and universal protocols of care.
For each situation there is indication of a different type of antibiotic. That is why only the doctor can indicate and the recipes are special and controlled.
Influenza is not treated with antibiotics. Avoid using it unnecessarily so you do not let your bacteria become resistant.
For the flu, it is best to try to prevent it. There is a way to prevent the flu. They are very simple attitudes, but that almost nobody has the “patience” and the memory to put in the daily routine. Frequent washing of the hands, ventilation of the environment (even between a little more for the cold), daily cleaning of the nose with physiological solutions (twice a day, at least), humidification of the environment and, of course, the trio Most importantly, eating healthy, exercising, and sleeping well are essential if you want to avoid getting a flu. The vaccine is excellent and the most effective and safe forms of prevention.
Prevent yourself against the flu. This is the best course. The antibiotic is not the solution. Its indiscriminate use is that it can, yes, be a big problem.