From its origins, the human being has generated waste and consumption in recent decades has aggravated the problem to affect the health of the entire planet.
Faced with this situation, we must do our part to preserve the environment, starting with the proper management of waste in our own homes.
This management must be governed by these three principles:
REDUCE. By reducing waste, we save natural resources, water and energy. Because the best residue is the one that does not occur.
RE-USE. By giving new use to the products that allow it, we preserve our natural resources.
RECYCLE. Those products that do not allow reuse must be deposited in the appropriate containers to facilitate their subsequent management and recycling, as well as to avoid saturating landfills and polluting the waters.
Actions to reduce the generation of waste in the home
to. How to reduce waste in food:
- Opt for food products produced near your location. This saves packaging and transport. Buying bulk avoids unnecessary packaging.
- Reject foods that come in white cork trays.
- Prioritize the consumption of fresh foods, have fewer packages and are healthier.
- Use recyclable glass bottles instead of cans, bricks or plastic containers. Also, when buying beverages, opt for large containers.
b. How to reduce paper and cardboard waste:
- With paper and cardboard we have to strictly use the “three R’s” guidelines:
- Avoid unnecessary use of paper or cardboard.
- Try using recycled and / or ecological paper.
- Re-use paper and cardboard as much as possible.
- Use the folios on both sides, especially when printing or photocopying.
- Choose small letter types and bodies for drafts in order to save space. Recycle. The paper and cardboard that does not already have utility has to be deposited in the specific container for its later recycling.
- We must avoid the use of papers that make recycling difficult or impossible (plastic, wax, fax, etc.) unless it is essential.
c.How to reduce waste in electronic and electrical appliances:
- The waste must be delivered and managed correctly. When you buy a new device, you can take the old one to the store where you make the purchase and they will be in charge of managing it properly. In the event that the delivery of the old appliance is not due to the acquisition of a new one, you must take the discarded appliance to the nearest clean point or ask your town hall if there is a collection system for this type of waste.
- Toner and ink cartridges must be returned for reuse. You can also ask the suppliers to take charge of your collection.
d. How to reduce waste in cleaning:
- Remember that you will not get more cleaning or whiteness to use more detergent than indicated. When buying detergent, opt for larger ones.
- If possible, avoid air fresheners. Choose to air the rooms and the use of aromatic plants.
- Never use aerosols, in any case sprayers.
and. How to reduce waste in DIY:
- Calculate well what you will need before beginning the task. The cans of paints and other products used in DIY are, once opened, difficult to preserve.
- Water-based paints are preferable.
- If possible, use instruments that dose the use of the product as brushes or brushes.
- If necessary, opt for mechanical guns or sprayers, but never spray.
- Remember that the waste generated by DIY must be deposited in “clean points”.
F. How to reduce waste batteries:
- If there is an alternative, discard the instruments that use batteries: automatic watches, solar calculators, etc.
- Plug, whenever possible, those instruments that work either with batteries or through electric current.
- Use rechargeable batteries. In addition to helping the environment, you will be saving money.
- Remember that batteries are classified as special urban waste because they are especially polluting. Deposit them in Clean Points or in containers established for that purpose.
g. How to reduce waste on clothes:
- Natural fabrics are easier to recycle and their waste is less polluting than synthetic waste.
- Do not give up your clothes because you are not in the latest fashion.
- Reuse unusable clothes for kitchen rags, to make costumes, etc.
- You can also give it away or give it to charities.
h. Home composting
- About 50% of the waste that we generate in the home is organic matter, the residue that can be more easily transformed and recycled through the so-called composting process, which consists of converting the remains of organic matter into an effective fertilizer that respects the Environment: the COMPOST.
- Following some simple guidelines, and if we have space for it, we can make our own compost at home:
- Separate the waste of organic nature (avoid citrus peels and remains of meat and fish).
- Locate a partially shaded area and shelter from the winds. Make a hole in the ground shallow (25 cm approx.) And 1.5 m wide x1.5 m long.
- Place the framework or bed of branches on the base to facilitate aeration and prevent waterlogging.
- Go deposit organic waste and provide from time to time, if possible, straw, ash and wood chips. This way, a pile that is advisable does not exceed 1.5 m will be made up little by little. of height and that has to be covered with fabric or another type of protection that avoids the loss of humidity.
- The pile should be kept moist with water, but never in excess, while also turning from time to time to facilitate aeration.
- After four to six months – it can be reduced to two if we use accelerators – we will have managed to obtain a great fertilizer suitable for all types of plants and pots.
- This is a simple and economical technology to take advantage of all kinds of biodegradable waste and give it a practical use, in addition to preventing it from occupying space in landfills.
i. Treatment of excess oil in stews and frying.
The vegetable oil that we use in our kitchens should never be poured down the drain because it is a powerful pollutant: it is estimated that a single liter of oil can contaminate, if it ends up in the sewers, up to 1,000 liters of water.
- Given this situation, there is a special collection system for large producers (restaurants, dining rooms, etc.) of used oil for culinary purposes in which they must deposit the oil they can not reuse. At home what we can do is keep it in a boat and take it to the nearest clean point.
- In addition, there is the possibility to recycle ourselves the oil from our homes by making natural soap following the following guidelines:
- For every liter of used oil, we add one liter and a quarter of water and 100 grams of soda.
- Add glycerin or alcohol if you want the pills to be transparent.
- We can add an essence to give the soap a concrete aroma. Manufacturing phases:
- Phases of manufacturing:
- Once filtered, the used oil is left in a container.
- In a large casserole, dissolve the soda in the water and heat until it boils. The use of protective goggles, gloves and masks is recommended to avoid accidents.
- Pour the oil and stir with a wooden spoon until it forms a thick paste.
- Add the essences and glycerin.
- Finally, it will be transferred to a rigid mold that is resistant to heat, where it will be left to cool down to cut it later.