Dental implants are pieces of some artificial material used to replace teeth that have been lost for some reason. These pieces have a natural appearance and can perform the same function as the real tooth.
It is quite common for people to confuse the crowns with the implants but they are quite different. Crowns are used when the root of the tooth has not been lost but very little tooth remains above the gum. Then a filling is made that is cemented in this root and acts as a core for the crown that is placed on top.
With implants the root of the tooth is not present, either by natural absence or, more commonly, by extraction. In the place of the root a screw is inserted that is anchored directly in the bone of the jaw. The integration of this screw into the bone that surrounds it is the key to the success of the dental implant .
The clinical and radiological study allows a correct diagnosis prior to the placement of the dental implant. The dental implant is usually a small component of
titanium that replaces the root of the missing tooth and is inserted into the bone. A crown is placed over it, which will be the visible part, which restores the functionality and aesthetics of the lost piece.
The dental implant is recommended for cases of tooth loss due to illness ( periodontal disease , caries, etc.), after dental loss due to accidents and in the case of congenital absence of teeth . In general, each lost piece must be replaced by an implant. However, in some areas of the mouth, where the teeth receive less load, it is possible to reduce the number of them.
The implant is usually placed under local anesthesia, and some, such as immediate loading , reduce the entire procedure. The latest advances in implantology allow, in the same session, perform the extraction of a tooth, place the implant and immediately incorporate the provisional prosthesis, replacing the tooth at the time.
The computer-assisted implants, CAD-CAM , are fixed in a much more precise and painless way, since a CT scan ( Computerized Axial Tomography ) is previously performed to the patient that provides all the necessary anatomical information. There is also less chance that the crown will loosen over time and, aesthetically, the result is more effective.
What advantages do implants provide over other solutions?
Dental implants are the ideal solution in many situations, especially when the parts next to the part to be replaced are in good condition and are not worth suffering the wear of preparation for a bridge or other solutions. But let’s look at the most salient benefits and drawbacks of choosing dental implants.
Among the many advantages and many benefits of dental implants, we can mention as the most outstanding the following
- Aesthetics : The aesthetic benefits are the fastest and easy to recognize by almost everyone. Compared to dentures and dental bridges, there is no doubt that implants are much better aesthetically. When the process is over, it will look and feel as natural as the real tooth and nothing will be noticed at all.
- Functional benefits : The function of the denture is restored to the maximum. After replacing the lost or severely damaged pieces, you can once again enjoy a bite and ability to chew practically 100% and in a totally healthy way.
- Comfort : It goes without saying that dental implants are infinitely more comfortable than other solutions, especially dentures because it feels practically like natural teeth and needs much less daily care than prosthetics.
- Permanence : Dental implants are considered a permanent solution, at least it will be semi-permanent or long-term. In general, the artificial tooth is fixed to a screw anchored in the jaw and very rarely they are deflected or have to be removed.
- Osseointegration occurs , which is a direct bond at the molecular level of the titanium surface of the implant with the bone. This union is so strong that the only way to separate the titanium from the bone would be by extracting the bone that surrounds it. Osseointegration takes place in about 6-8 weeks
- No pain . At no time during the procedure do you feel pain or discomfort and, in most cases, the postoperative period is less inconvenient than other interventions more common in dentistry.
And the negative side also exists, as in any other medical procedure. The most outstanding disadvantages to consider are:
- Cost and price : the high price is one of the main drawbacks for most patients. It must be borne in mind that the placement of dental implants is a surgical procedure and therefore is, in general, much more expensive than the other available options.
- The bone factor : to proceed with the placement of dental implants it is necessary to have good bone conditions in the jaw where the screw is to be anchored. There must be a bone structure of sufficient thickness and consistency to hold the implant securely. This means that not all patients can undergo the implantation of artificial teeth, especially those with bone health problems such as severe osteoporosis. But even in these patients, other options can be studied to fix the implant safely. The oral surgeon may advise you in this regard.
- Time : the typical process to get dental implants usually requires several visits to the dentist. This can lengthen the time from the initial visit until the dental restoration is fully functional and secured and the implant is fully integrated into the bone and surrounding tissue, especially the gums. It may take several visit to the dentist .
- Discomfort : during the entire process until the implant has been fully adapted, you may feel some discomfort and minor pain. There may also be slight swelling at the beginning of the treatment while the surgery is healing.
- the implant surgery is necessary in order to planting
- Rare allergy occurs
- May not be able to implant because of periodontal disease
- Inflammation occurs in the peri-implant
- Chewing things hard, biting ,people with habit and bruxism, smokers sometimes break the bones that support implants
- Correct care and regular checkup to maintain implants
- Implant therapy may not be covered by insurance
For more information go to your trusted dentist to explain the process in detail and study the best option for your specific case. If I have to advise, I tell you to opt for dental implants whenever you can, even if you have to make a higher economic effort, the comfort and durability is infinitely better and with time you will surely appreciate it.
I leave you with an animation that shows the process of surgery to place a dental implant and explain the entire process.