Evolution of the dental chair

The evolution of the dental chair throughout history has been very important. In 1790 the first chair with adjustable headrest was created, and since then everything has been a good tool for oral health. In this article, we review the evolution of the dentist’s seat. Although the first chairs used by dentists did not offer the same comforts as today, there was a moment in dental history when changes began to improve this essential tool. We review them!

1790: the evolution of the dental chair begins

Josiah Flagg creates a chair with a wider armrest and an adjustable headrest. Greater comfort for the patient!

More than forty years later, James Snell creates a folding armchair equipped with a mirror to illuminate. Changes are introduced with the patient’s welfare in mind and the improvement of the work of dental professionals.

1847: armchair for ambulatory dentists

It was the year 1847 when Jones White & Co. invented a dental chair with portable headrest, especially suitable for those dentists who work moving or on the street. Three years later, the evolution of the dental chair has another important date: in 1950 the first armchairs were created for folding dentists and with a system to support the feet; again, it is invested in improving the patients’ experience. In 1868 James Beall Morrison creates a chair that allows a slight lateral inclination to facilitate the work of the dentist. In 1871 (SS White Co.) appears a chair for dentists made entirely of metal that could be modified in height through a crank.

1875: improves the comfort of the dentist

In Bufalo Dental Ma. Co. they create, when the year 1875 runs, a butacón designed to improve the comfort in the work of the dentists: an armchair that collapses back allowing the dentists to work sitting. Another important step!


In 1877 appears the first hydraulic chair

The year is 1877 when Wilkerson designed the first dental chair of hydraulic nature, which allows a better position of the patient’s back during interventions and improves work.

The great change comes in 1940, a whole revolution

Ritter Co. signs a very important step in the evolution of the dental chair creating an armchair for dentists with air pressure. The seat was equipped with a lathe, device so that the patient could expel the saliva during the interventions and a device to make x-rays that improved the work of the dentist.

The modern stage of dental chairs

Le Corbusier (1887-1965) is an architect of Swiss origin who designs the first models of armchairs for anatomical dentists. In 1957, Jhon Anderson developed a seat model inspired by aircraft pilots that will improve the experience and comfort of dental clinic patients.

In short, the evolution of the dental chair is marked by changes to promote comfort and experience in the user’s dentist, as well as the work of the professional.

In the most current stages, the seats of dental clinics can be summarized in several types:

Hydraulic armchair, electric armchair, anatomical (and anatomically modified) armchair, simplified dental chair and similar.


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