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A COMPARISON OF PAVLOV, SKINNER, VYGOTSKY, PIAGET LEARNING THEORIES AND THE TYPES OF LEARNING

IVAN PAVLOV

THEORY OF BEHAVIOR

BURRHUS SKINNER

THEORY OF BEHAVIOR

JEAN PIAGET

THEORY

PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSTRUCTIVIST

LS VYGOTSKY

THEORY

CONSTRUCTIVIST

SOCIAL

CLASSICAL KNOWLEDGEKNOWLEDGE

OPERATING

ACTIVITY THAT THE INDIVIDUAL PERFORMES ON THE OBJECTPHYSICAL AND MENTAL ACTIVITY PERFORMED BY THE INDIVIDUAL ABOUT THE OBJECT, AT THE SAME TIME THE OBJECT REACTS AGAINST THESE ACTIONS
THE APPRENTICE IS A SERIES   OF RESPONSES

TRIGGERED BY THE STIMULUS

THE APPRENTICE OPERATES IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND RECEIVES A REWARD FOR CERTAIN CONDUCT.BASED ON PSYCHOLOGY DEVELOPMENTBASED ON PSYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT   AND SOCIAL INTERACTION
INVOLUNTARY BEHAVIORSSPONTANEOUS BEHAVIORSTHE  COGNITIVE POTENTIAL OF THE SUBJECT DEPENDS ON THE DEVELOPMENT STAGE IN WHICH HE ISTHE COGNITIVE POTENTIAL OF THE SUBJECT DEPENDS   ON THE QUALITY OF SOCIAL INTERACTION OF THE SUBJECT
STIMULUS REINFORCEMENTREINFORCEMENT OF BEHAVIORSDEVELOPMENT CONTROLS LEARNINGLEARNING PREVENTS DEVELOPMENT
PASSIVE SUBJECTACTIVE SUBJECTMATURITY FOR LEARNING IS DEFINED BY THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE CHILDTHE MATURITY OF LEARNING IS DUE TO DEVELOPMENT IN THE COMPETITION THAT THE CHILD SHOWS WITH THE HELP OF OTHERS
ENVIRONMENT ON THE SUBJECTSUBJECT ACT ON THE ENVIRONMENTCONSTITUTE YOUR KNOWLEDGE INDIVIDUALLYCONSTITUTES KNOWLEDGE BY OBSERVING OTHERS
LEARN BY THE ASSOCIATION OF STIMULUSLEARN FROM THE CONSEQUENCE THAT CAUSES BEHAVIORAFFIRMS THAT LEARNING IS THE BASIS OF LANGUAGE, DEPENDS ON COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAFFIRMS THAT LANGUAGE IS A TOOL FOR LEARNING AND LEARNING DEVELOPS
IT IS THE COMBINATION OF 2 FACTORS, STIMULUS AND RESPONSE, BEHAVIOR IS INTERNALBEHAVIOR IS EXTERNAL AS IT HAS AN EFFECT ON THE OUTER WORLDTHE COGNITIVE SYSTEM IS WHAT STRUCTURE MEANINGS AND SIGNIFICANT LEARNINGONLY IN A SOCIAL CONTEXT IS THE

SIGNIFICANT LEARNING.

NO VOLUNTARY FUNCTION IS PERFORMED, REACTION TO THE STIMULUSACTION IS CARRIED OUT

EITHER TO AVOID THE STIMULUS OR PUNISHMENT

IT IS STIMULATED UNDER THE
SEEKING A CHANGE OF CONDUCTSEEKS CHANGE OF CONDUCTLOOKS FOR THE ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE BY COGNITIVE MEANSLOOK FOR THE

ACQUISITION OF KNOWLEDGE BY SOCIAL INTERACTION

IT TENDS   TO EXTINCTION IF IT IS NOT PRESENTED IT IS STIMULUSTEND  TO EXTINCTION IF THE STIMULUS IS NOT PRESENTEDORIGINS WITHIN A COGNITIVE AND SENSORIOMOTOR CAPACITIESTHE ORIGIN OF A SOCIETY WITHIN A HISTORICAL CULTURE
IS BASED ON ANALYSIS OF OBSERVABLE BEHAVIORSIS   BASED ON ANALYSIS OF OBSERVABLE BEHAVIORSBASED   ON THE PASSAGE BY VARIOUS TRANSACTIONS AND COGNITIVE ABILITIESTHE INDIVIDUAL BUILDS HIS KNOWLEDGE BECAUSE HE CAN READ, WRITE AND ASK OTHERS.
LEARNING ONLY OCCURS WHEN A CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR IS OBSERVEDCRITICIZING THE PUNISHMENT SAYS THAT WHEN THE PUNISHMENT IS REMOVED THE CONDUCT RETURNS TO APPEARTHE TEACHERS WORK INTERACTIVELY SERVING AS MEDIATORS FOR THE LEARNING OF THE STUDENTSTEACHERS SEEK TO KNOW THE POINTS OF VIEW OF STUDENTS.
IT HAS INFLUENCE ON EDUCATION THANKS TO THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE BEHAVIORAL THEORYIT HAS INFLUENCE ON EDUCATION THANKS TO THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE BEHAVIORAL THEORYTHE STUDENTS ARE SEEN AS THINKING BEINGS WHO HAVE THEIR OWN THEORIES TO MAKE THE WORLDCURRICULAR ACTIVITIES ARE BASED ON PRIMARY INFORMATION SOURCES AND THE HANDLING OF MATERIALS

WHAT   ARE THE TYPES OF LEARNING?

People perceive and learn things in different ways and through different channels, this implies different systems of representation or receiving information through different sensory channels. In addition to the different communication channels that exist, there are also different types of students. Studies on the different types of learning have been carried outwhich have determined what part of the learning capacity is inherited and which is developed. These studies have shown that traditional beliefs about the most favorable learning environments are wrong. These beliefs hold statements such as: that students learn best in a quiet environment, that good lighting is important for learning, that the best time to study is in the morning and that eating makes learning difficult. According to the information we currently have, there is neither a universal learning environment nor an appropriate method for everyone.

  • MEMORISTIC OR REPETITIVE LEARNING : occurs when the student memorizes contents without understanding them or relating them to their previous knowledge, does not find meaning to the contents.
  • RECEPTIVE LEARNING : in this type of learning, the subject only needs to understand the content to be able to reproduce it, but does not discover anything
  • LEARNING BY DISCOVERY : the subject does not receive the contents passively; discover the concepts and their relationships and rearrange them to adapt them to their cognitive scheme.
  • SIGNIFICANT LEARNING: it is the learning in which the subject relates his previous knowledgewith the new ones thus giving them coherence with respect to his cognitive structures.
  • LEARNING OF MAINTENANCE :described by Thomas Kuhn whose purpose is the acquisition of criteria, methods and fixed rules to deal with known and recurrent situations.
  • INNOVATIVE LEARNING : is one that can withstand changes, renovation, restructuring, and reformulation of problems. It proposes new values instead of conserving the old ones.
  • VISUAL LEARNING : people who use the system of visual representation see things as images because representing things as images or graphics helps them remember and learn. The ease of the visual person to move from one topic to another favors the creative work in the group and in the social learning environment. Also, this way of proceeding can irritate the visual person who perceives things individually.
  • AUDITIVE LEARNING : an auditory person is able to make the most of group discussions and social interaction during their learning. The debate is a basic part of learning for an auditory student. Auditory people learn by listening and paying attention to emphasis, pauses, and tone of voice. An auditory person enjoys the silence.
  • KINESTHETIC LEARNING: people with kinesthetic representation systems perceive things through the body and through experimentation. They are very intuitive and they especially value the environment and participation. To think clearly they need movement and activity. They do not attach importance to the order of things. Kinesthetic people are relaxed when talking, move and gesticulate. They speak slowly and they know how to use the breaks. As a public, they are impatient because they prefer to take action.

Thanks to these authors have made many advances in the teaching methodologies that should be implemented in classrooms, pavlov theory can be very useful as long as we know how to make the correct use of it and not fall into the routine , nor in the type of traditional education in which the boy and the girl are a tabula raza.

In the same way, you can make a combination of strategies by implementing the theory of each of these authors taking each of  the best and thus improve each day the methods we use in the classroom when transmitting our knowledge in the education of boys and girls.

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