Flipped classroom is a term coined by Jonathan Bergmann and Aaron Sams , two chemistry teachers at Woodland Park High School in Woodland Park Colorado which literally means ” inverted classroom “.
Bergmann and Sams devised a solution to prevent students from losing classes, for example due to illness, for this they recorded the contents to be taught and distributed them among their students so that they could visualize them at home before class, the work in the classroom consisted of carry out projects to put into practice the knowledge acquired and solve doubts , thus reversing the activities with respect to the traditional model. They found that with this new approach the grades of the students improved.
The following outline explains what this new teaching approach consists of and the differences with the traditional model.
The flipped classroom is much more than recording a video
The flipped classroom also known and inverted classroom does not consist only in recording a class in video , it is more, the video is one of the multiple means that can be used to transmit information. It can also be done through a podcast or by sending the student to a website where the content to be taught is developed. In short, the video is nothing more than a tool with which the student acquires knowledge.
The inverted classroom is the conception that the student can obtain information at a time and place that does not require the physical presence of the teacher. It is a new pedagogical model that offers a comprehensive approach to increase the commitment and involvement of the student in teaching, making it part of its creation, allowing the teacher to give a more individualized treatment.
The flipped classroom model covers all phases of the learning cycle (cognitive dimension of Bloom’s taxonomy ):
- Knowledge : Being able to remember previously learned information
- Understanding: “Doing our” what we have learned and being able to present information in another way
- Application : Apply acquired skills to new situations that come our way
- Analysis : Decompose the whole in its parts and solve problems from the acquired knowledge
- Summary : Being able to create, integrate, combine ideas, plan and propose new ways of doing
- Evaluation : Issuing judgments regarding the value of a product according to personal opinions based on given objectives
As everything in life has pros and cons, in conjunction with the large number of benefits provided by the classes invested there are some disadvantages that have to do with the increased use of technology and time in front of screens, as well as accessibility. Next we leave you a list of Advantages and Disadvantages of this pedagogical model.
Advantages of flipped classroom
- It allows the teacher to dedicate more time to the attention to the students, sharing more information and knowledge among themselves.
- To the student, access again and again to the contents delivered by (his) professor.
- Create a collaborative learning environment in the classroom.
- Maintain the development of the classes even though a student does not attend the classroom.
- Involve the student in debates and practical activities, making him the protagonist of his learning.
- Facilitate communication between agents.
- Increase student interest in content through motivation and active participation.
- Allows the teacher to perform other types of more individualized activities with the students during the class
- It allows a non-linear distribution of tables in the classroom , which enhances the collaboration environment.
- Encourages student collaboration and therefore reinforces their motivation
- The contents are accessible by the students at any time
- Involves families in learning
Disadvantages of flipped classroom
Regarding the criticisms or disadvantages that are attributed to the model are:
- It requires a thorough preparation of materials and dynamics, which implies more workload for the teacher.
- Need for access to the internet and technological equipment, both by the teacher and by the students, which means an accessibility gap.
- Spending a lot of time in front of a screen can lead to problems such as overweight, deterioration of sleep, anxiety or depression, among others.
- Investing all classes in a school can lead to content confusion.
- Quality material that is not available for free or implies ads, which makes the process cumbersome.
Although the disadvantages show real problems, with a responsible application, complementary with other programs (sports for example) and sustainable at the educational system level, it can be overcome and revolutionize education as a whole.
It is not possible to affirm that this pedagogical model can be applied in 100% of the cases , it is evident that the student needs minimal resources and technological knowledge. The truth is that if you provide these means, the flipped classroom is more effective than the traditional model.
The inverted classroom is therefore a new approach based on the involvement and collaboration of the student and a more individualized teaching, points considered critical by Sir Ken Robinson in the conference included in the article Keys to success in the education system .
A real case
To conclude, we share a video of a real case where this learning approach is being applied. It is the Shireland College Collegiate Academyen England, considered one of the 11 most innovative centers in the world.