What is a fjord?
The fjord is a part of the physical geography , it is a form of accident of the nature that consists of a valley of great depth which is U- shaped , and that is generated by the melting of a glacier .
The main characteristics of a fjord are the following:
- They have great depths with an exposed rock bed.
- They are located in areas that are covered by glaciers .
- They have a narrow strip of sea that can reach several kilometers.
- Its entrance to the sea has a series of branches known as branches .
- They have steep slopes and areas of ravines between the sea and the summits of the mountains.
- Its landscape is quite attractive , which makes it a tourist spot.
- They are gulf- shaped and are surrounded by steep mountains .
- Some can cross the 350 kilometers of extension and the 1500 meters of depth .
- The water in the opening is generally lower than the rest of the fjord.
Examples of fjord around the world
- Fjords of Norway : they are the main tourist attraction of the region and can be defined as a river of ice in the middle of the mountains.
- Oslo Fjord : located in the southeast of Norway in the Skagerrak Strait. It is about 150 kilometers long, stretching from the Torbjornskjaer lighthouse to the Faerder lighthouse, and down to Oslo to the north and Langesund to the south.
- Sognefjord or Sogn fjord : it is the longest in the country and the second largest in the world. Its bottom reaches 1308 meters below sea level, near where the mouth is located , its depth is softened and then the bottom rises abruptly to 100 meters deep below sea level.
- Lysejford Fjord : is located in Forsand , Norway and is derived from granite rocks that can be seen along its sides. It was born by the action of glaciers in the Ice Age.
- College Fjord : located in the north sector of Prince William Sound , in the USA. In alaska. It contains five tidal glaciers , five large valley glaciers , and dozens of small glaciers . It was discovered in 1899 during Harriman’s expedition.
- Nassau Fjord : A four-mile long entrance in Alaska and home to the famous Chenega tidal glacier . Because of the large amount of glacial activity that exists in this fjord, it is a popular destination for many kayakers and sailors.
- Fjord of Quintupeu : it is in the Region of Los Lagos , in the South of Chile . It is common to find colonies of sea lions and austral birds native to Patagonia.
- From Gros Morne : located on the west coast of the island of Newfoundland , Canada. Recognized as heritage of humanity by UNESCO in 1987.
- Fjord of Aysén and Quintupeu Fjord in Chilean Patagonia, in South America.
- From Oman : it is located in the Strait of Hormuz and there are wonderful places full of mountainous landscapes that form while the fjord goes into the sea.