Aloe vera

Aloe Vera, known succulent plant (its tissues can store water).

It is really called, Aloe Barbadensis Miller, but it is by all known as Aloe Vera.


Aloe Vera PLANT

It is known as the miraculous plant, for its health properties.

It is one of the more than 350 classified species of aloes that exist and this can reach up to 50 cm in height.

They are native to the Canary Islands, the Azores Islands, Africa, and Madagascar.

It is a plant known since ancient times, for its multiple therapeutic abilities, since approximately the year 2,200 BC


Description and features of Aloe Vera. 

It has very fleshy leaves in bluish green or grayish rosette, succulents, that is, the tissues of its leaves can store a large amount of water.

The leaves can completely close their stomata or pores to avoid the loss of water by evaporation during the summer periods and are able to quickly replenish the epidermis when a fracture or a cut on its surface occurs.

They are found in coastal gardens, where the climate is warm or temperate and intermingled with the Agave, becoming confused with it, except in the flowering that is more beautiful in the Aloe and the plant does not die, as if it occurs in the agave.

The flowers are showy, tubular, their corollas are composed of six petals, which form the floral cover and are all welded together in a tube the most straight times, and in other cases somewhat bent and bilabiate, sometimes with a slight widening in the part of subjection, where the sexual organs of the flower are lodged.

The flowers are produced from spring to autumn, depending on the variety. They produce inflorescences in an umbel, hanging or tubular.

The flowers are usually red, orange or yellow.

Aloe Vera Flower

The young plants usually have white spots that disappear as the plant becomes adult.

They are plants that reproduce by cross-pollination.

How to take care of Aloe Vera.

Aloe Vera is a plant that needs the kindness of the climate. It must be a temperate or warm climate to be able to develop.

In case of colder areas, you should stay indoors during colder periods, because they can not stand temperatures below 5º to 8º C.

If the temperature drops below 5ºC, then the roots could rot, if there is also water or high humidity.

Therefore, it needs relatively high temperatures, in order to prosper properly, that is, from 20º to 24ºC.

Being succulent, they can endure drought.

What they cannot stand is any kind of waterlogging.

Then, its weak point is the excess of water and cold (<5ºC).

As for the lighting, they need to be in full sun, to place them in a place with good light.


If we see that the leaves turn brown, it means that it is suffering a lot of sunstrokes, so at the central hours of the day, better in the shade in summer.

How should water the Aloe Vera?

The Aloe Vera, in spring-summer, should be watered sparingly, avoiding wetting the leaves if possible, so that neither the plant nor the substrate has water puddle.

Let dry in the sun and do not water again, until the substrate is dry.

For the autumnal season, the risks must be reduced until they are canceled in winter.

Aloe Vera cut pieces

However, when the leaves are thin and wrinkled, it means that they have a lack of irrigation.

If we are going to use the leaves of the Aloe Vera, for its properties and we are going to cut a fleshy leaf, it is better to water it a week before collecting it, to further enhance its active ingredients.

The substrate of Aloe Vera

The substrate must be sandy and with good drainage, prefer predominantly sandy soil that favors the rapid runoff of excess water and slightly acidic.

If we grow Aloe vera in pots, it is best to use Terracotta instead of a plastic pot.

The plastic is impermeable, unlike the clay or mud which is porous.

We will place in the bottom, a couple of centimeters of gravel, for the correct drainage of the plant, after the irrigation.

If the plant has grown considerably, we will consider transplant to another pot of greater and deeper diameter.

Wait a couple of weeks to start watering, this will give time to heal wounds that may have occurred during the transplant.

How to fertilize Aloe Vera.

The Aloe Vera needs to be fertilized from the beginning of spring and during the summer, with the normal irrigations and diluting the fertilizer in the irrigation water.

Use commercial fertilizers, rich in Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium, in addition to the microelements and minerals themselves.

How to prune Aloe Vera.

This plant is not usually pruned.

If we observe leaves that are drying, according to new springs in the interior, these basal leaves can be removed, thus protecting the plant from possible diseases.

To do this, cut medium-dry basal leaves, proceed with a knife, blade, etc., which is sharp and clean, so as not to infect the tissues of the plant.

How Aloe Vera spreads

Aloe Vera multiplies well by seed or by suckers.

As they are self-sterile plants, male and female flowers of the same plant cannot be crossed between them or with others of the same variety, plants of many varieties are needed, to generate seeds that are fertile and to be able to cultivate aloes.


Remove the suckers that are in the base around the mother plant, when these have a size of 8 to 10 centimeters.

Do it equally with a clean and sharp blade.

Suckers are allowed to dry their wounds for a couple of weeks, without exposing them to the sun and then planted in individual pots.

Once rooted, they can be transplanted and treated like adult plants.

It should not be watered for 15 days after the transplant so that the wounds heal.

What pests and diseases can Aloe Vera have?

If the leaves become pale or lose characteristic veins, it is due to lack of light. Put them in the sun.

If the leaves yellow or appear stained yellowish or light brown and also observe that they are curled and fall, it may be a red spider attack.

Look at the underside of the leaves and look for the cobwebs of the red spider or spider. It is a mite that damages the plant a lot.

In this case, it may be due to dryness and lack of irrigation.

Spray water on the attacked leaves and keep some moisture in the substrate (not too much).

However, proceed with a cotton swab remove the mite with soapy water.

Subsequently, clean the leaves of the soapy water.

Although it is very resistant, it is sometimes attacked by woodlice and aphids.

Composition of Aloe 

Aloe also contains aloe mycin, with a great anti-inflammatory and analgesic power, and aloe ricin, whose property is to activate and fortify the epithelial cells, which makes it very useful in gastric and stomach ulcers. It contains a lot of amino acids such as valine, methionine, phenylalanine, lysine, and leucine.

It also has the polysaccharide lignin, glucomannan and other carbohydrates such as pentose, galactose and uronic acids that provide deep cleansing of the skin, as they penetrate all layers, eliminating bacteria and fatty deposits that hinder exudation through the pores.

The constituent elements include iodine, copper, iron, zinc, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, manganese, magnesium sulfur and a large amount of calcium. It is one of the few species that contain vitamin B12, in addition to vitamins A, B1, B2, B6, and C. It contains strong proportions of germanium that acts like a purifying filter of the organism, eliminates the poisons and waste of the cells, restructures and revitalizes the Bone marrow, reactivates the immune system, stimulates the production of endorphins, which calm the pain. All plants containing germanium have been considered miraculous and are aloe vera, ginseng, and shiitake mushrooms.

The gel obtained from aloe produces six antiseptic agents with high antimicrobial activity: cinnamic acid, a type of nitrogenated urea, lupeol, phenol, sulfur, folic acid, and natural salicylic acid that, combined with lupeol, has important analgesic effects.

Medical uses of Aloe 

Aloe juice

The transparent gel of the pulp of the fleshy leaves of Aloe vera has been used topically for thousands of years to treat wounds, skin infections, burns, and many other dermatological conditions. The dry latex of the inner lining of the leaf has traditionally been used as an oral laxative. There is promising preliminary support in studies conducted in humans, animals, and the laboratory that the topical gel of aloe has immunomodulatory properties, which can improve wound healing and inflammation of the skin.

Aloe Vera is an incredible antitoxic and antimicrobial. It is astringent, analgesic and anti-coagulant. It is a strong stimulant of cell growth.

The tincture or juice diluted in water in equal parts, used several times in the form of gargles of 3 to 4 minutes, acts effectively against dental and gum pain, neuralgia, thrush, laryngitis, tonsillitis, plaque and any mouth or pharyngeal affection

It heals necrotizing wounds, like burns, regenerating tissues and scarring them, restoring, in turn, the sensitivity of the affected area.

Relieves pain from bumps, sprains, dislocations, muscle, arthritic and rheumatic pain, tired feet, cures cutting wounds, herpes, shingles, ringworm and infections caused by staph and other internal bacterial infections such as gastroenteritis, colitis, enterocolitis, vaginitis, cervicitis , scurvy, cholera , dysentery, gonorrhea, syphilis and other venereal diseases.

Heal the small wounds of the eruptive diseases of children such as Measles, Varicella, Scarlet fever, etc. Since its anti-inflammatory properties reduce itching and prevent children from scratching the blisters.

With aloe vera can treat warts, chilblains, eczema, psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, erysipelas, athlete’s foot, calluses and “jockey’s itch”, which is a fungal infection on the inside upper thighs, insect bites, spiders, scorpions, snakes, jellyfish, and poisonous plants. It heals the wound of the baby’s navel and the circumcision. It removes the pain of the growth of the teeth.

Reduces the effects of allergies, indigestion, heartburn, gastritis, duodenal and stomach ulcers, eye ulcers, hemorrhoids, digestive disorders, decongesting the stomach, small intestine, liver, kidneys, and pancreas.

It is a great antiviral due to the glucomannan polysaccharide. Serves against influenza, hepatitis, viral pneumonia, and viral meningitis.

It balances blood pressure and prevents cardiac dysrhythmias, decreasing the risk of a heart attack. It is good against gout, headaches, and migraines, halitosis, insomnia, in weight loss diets provides vitamins and minerals without providing calories or sugars and regulates menses. Eliminates intestinal parasites. Tones the body and opens the appetite. Mitigates osteoporosis and is antidiabetic.

Calm the pain of Varicose veins and improve them. Completely eliminate skin cancer by applying aloe juice two to four times a day for as long as necessary, being essential to be constant. Candida, trichomes and other infections or vaginal irritations disappear with aloe. A few drops of juice from the pulp in the sore ears immediately calm the condition. When the eyes are tired or red, they immediately relax with a few drops of aloe, it also improves cataracts and other diseases of the eyes.

Recognized medicinal properties
System Pharmacological action
Digestive Laxative


Hepatic tissue protector

Respiratory Antiasthmatic
Skin and mucous membranes Healing

Preparation and posology

Traditionally, for topical use, it is customary to locally apply the mesophile (leaf crystal) directly on the affected area, 2-3 times a day. Orally, add 50 g of mesophyll to 1 liter of water. Take as common water 300-500 ml per day divided into 2-3 doses.

For use as a laxative, prepared similarly but without peeling the leaf and removing the spines from the edges.

Pharmacological Actions

  •  In the Digestive System: Antacid (gastritis), antiulcer (gastrointestinal ulcers, mouth), gingivitis, protector of liver tissue (hepatitis) and laxative (in constipation).
  •  In the respiratory system acts as antiasthmatic and anti-catarrhal.
  •  In skin and mucosa it is healing (sunburn and wounds), anti-inflammatory, anti-seborrheic (eliminates dandruff), revitalizes the scalp, in psoriasis and antihemorrhoidal.


Aloe syrup 50%

  •  Oral: 1 spoonful every 8 hours (anti-skin, anti-asthmatic, expectorant).

Aloe cream 25%

  • Topical: 3 times a day and rub the affected area (scarring on open wounds, cellulitis, inflammation, dermatitis, sunburn, and radiation).

Aloe ointment 

  • Topical: 2 times a day and rub the affected area (antihemorrhoidal, psoriasis, skin softener).

Aloin shampoo

  •  Topical: twice a week (revitalizing the scalp, avoiding hair loss and eliminating dandruff).

Aloe Jelly

  •  Oral: 1 teaspoon 2 times per day (in gastric ulcers, gastritis, hepatitis, constipation).
  • Topical; in gingivitis and mouth ulcers.


  •  Do not use oral overdose in pregnant and lactating women, in menstruation, hemorrhoids, prostatitis, cystitis, abdominal pain of unknown origin, gallstones and heart and kidney failure.
  •  Do not use the cream in cesarean wounds, open wounds, and chemical hair removal,


Sansevieria cylindrica.