The Haworthia attenuata or Planta Zebra, is a succulent plant, not cacti.
Also called succulent zebra, originally from South Africa, exactly Eastern Cape and discovered by Haworth.
There are more than 100 species of the genus Haworthia , of the family of the Xanthorrhoeaceae.
It has many synonyms like, Aloe attenuata, Apicra attenuata, Aloe clariperla, Catevala attenuata and several varieties of Haworthia attenuata.
Description of Haworthia attenuata.
This is one of the Haworthia species that has most diffusion and is easily cultivable in the home for its beauty, its great popularity and knowledge about it.
The Haworthia attenuata, is a perennial succulent, grouped, without stems up to about 15 cm in height. The rosettes are up to about 15 cm in diameter, with 30 to 40 dark green leaves, up to about 7.5 cm long and with white tubers.
They have typical white lines on the leaves, of leathery type, of pleasant texture and that invite to feel them, that give them a design of their own and make them the interior and decoration plants, favorite for many.
These white lines, are like small tubers, verrogosos growths, that differentiate it basically from the Haworthia fasciata, much more smooth.
The Inflorescence, the flowers, measure up to about 40 cm in height and the flowers are white, with green veins, which develop along a floral stem that emerges from the plant.
They are flowers of little interest, which appear as bunches and tubular. They flower in spring and at the beginning of summer and give seeds that would be viable for their cultivation.
When the Haworthia attenuata or Zebra Plant has flowered, it will produce shoots or shoots and then the mother plant will die.
It has small and compact roots.
This is a plant that grow very well in large pots or terrariums, for its decorative character, playing with the contrast of colors.
If we observe that the tips of the leaves appear burned, it means that they lack water, or they are endured many direct hours of sun.
How to care for and cultivate the Haworthia attenuata.
It is a succulent indoor plant, very beautiful, ornamental and decorative, which in addition to this, is easy to grow and reproduce.
The Haworthia attenuata, likes to be in areas of semi-shade, well lit but without direct sun and grown in pots of greater size, wider than deep.
It does not go well with low temperatures, it should not go below 10ºC. In warm weather, it can be kept outdoors.
It can withstand frost and to some degree below zero.
To water the Haworthia attenuata or Zebra Plant, during the growing season, from April to September, it must be completely watered and not irrigated again, until the substrate is dry to the touch.
Water every 15 days, also depending on the outside temperature.
Winter, with low temperatures, is a difficult time. Control the excess water with low temperatures, as it can weaken a lot or even die .
The leaves are bodies of water storage, so during the winter, you will have to water much less and let the substrate dry until the next irrigation (once a month).
Two keys in the irrigation of this succulent,
1.- Only water with the substrate completely dry
2.- Water it until the water comes out, through the drainage holes in the pot
The main danger for our Haworthia attenuata, is the excess of water in the irrigation.
The Haworthia attenuata or Zebra Plant is not demanding with respect to the cultivated land, but an ideal land would be the mixture of commercial peat substrate with some coarse sand.
Use a mixture of cactus potting substrate , which has good drainage and provides sufficient aeration to the small roots.
If you make your own mix or purchase of another type, use part of potting soil, part of pearlite and part of sand.
For a correct fertilization of the Haworthia attenuata, it would be best to fertilize every 30 days with a mineral fertilizer for succulent plants, during the growing season.
It is not mandatory, they could go without fertilizer , since they do not really need it.
If you do use fertilizer from April to September, to feed the Zebra plants.
It should be, diluting the liquid fertilizer once a month. Do not give during the winter. A good fertilizer is earthworm humus.
For the reproduction of the Haworthia attenuata, with the offspring we have a simple and very effective means to multiply them.
They are collected with a sharp blade or stylet disinfected, being careful not to cause damage to the mother plant and placed in pots, with appropriate growing base substrate.
However, they should only be taken in the spring or fall when the plant is not growing.
In short, they spread in the same way as aloe plants.
With a leaf of about 5 cm, let the wound heal for a couple of days before planting it (let them dry).
It can also be reproduced by taking shoots from the mother plant and replanted.
In either of the two methods, water the substrate once and then wait until you see signs of new growth and avoid killing them with excess water.
Plagues and diseases.
The main plague and / or diseases that attack the Haworthia attenuata or Planta Zebra , is the cottony scale, especially in the roots.
We should unearth and look from time to time or if we observe that the plant is weak and look for the white powder that surrounds the cochineal.
If the plant is affected by this pest, wash the roots with water and apply a commercial insecticide to that effect.
As a precautionary measure, a systemic product can be incorporated into the irrigation water, so that we have control of the cochineal pest.
The Haworthia attenuata or Plant Zebra , is often confused with the ” Haworthia fasciata “ , although it is easily recognizable, since the Haworthia fasciata , has the inner beam of the leaves, smooth, smoother and without any mark.