Haworthia cymbiformis is a succulent herbaceous species of the Asphodelaceae family, native to the southern region of the African continent. This plant grows mainly in sandy soils in which, it is kept totally buried exposing only the transparent apical regions of its leaves. This transparency is very important in the course of the light towards the interior of its leaves for the realization of photosynthesis. In addition, this method of burial allows you to protect yourself from direct sunlight that can infringe serious burns on its delicate leaves. At present there are dozens of species and hybrids of the genus cultivated worldwide for ornamental purposes, Haworthia cymbiformis is one of the most frequent plants to be found in collections.
The name of cymbiformis, means, in the shape of a boat.
Its origin is also South Africa and it takes the name of its discoverer, the botanist Haworth.
It is a family of plants similar to Aloe and Gasteria, with which it can hybridize.
It is a beautiful succulent plant, which prefers sandy soils, where it is half-buried and only the end of the leaves protrude, mainly due to the strength of the sun.
The cymbiformis, grows in an area of ??summer rainfall, forming dense clumps that hang in crevices, on rocky slopes along rivers and streams.
They are presented forming groups of rosettes of leaves, from 3 to 10 cm in diameter, with very short stems. It is of superficial roots.
The leaves of Haworthia cymbiformis
The leaves are light green with white dots or lines of darker and semi-transparent colors. At the end of the leaf, it is transparent, to carry the necessary light for photosynthesis.
The Haworthia cymbiformis, is a lovely very small species, which is characterized by very fleshy and juicy leaves, soft and swelling with stored water.
It is a perennial plant, without stem, evergreen, succulent, with simple leaves up to 5 cm long, arranged in rosettes up to about 8 cm high and about 10 cm in diameter.
Flowers of the Haworthia cymbiformis
The flowers are pink or white to very pale, with brown green veins, with inflorescences up to about 20 cm high.
They are discrete flowers, about 15 cm long, cluster-shaped about 20 cm long.
They bloom at the end of spring and summer, but they have little ornamental interest, which is why it is usually advisable to cut the flower, in order to reduce the energy expenditure of the plant.
Adequate lighting and temperature
The Haworthia cymbiformis, is easy to grow in the garden or in pots, although it is delicate due to excess water and low winter temperatures.
He likes the warm atmosphere, 20ºC to 26ºC average and that they always stay above 10ºC.
They can resist moderate frosts, that do not go below 0ºC and as long as the substrate is dry.
In terms of lighting, a lot of light comes in for its growth and bloom. We must avoid the full direct sun, can burn it. Ideal is to keep it in the semi-shade.
The partially shaded sites are those that receive some shade during at least half of the day.
How to water the Haworthia cymbiformis
The irrigation of the Haworthia cymbiformis must be sufficient, as to maintain its rounded and fleshy leaves, in perfect condition.
Depending on the weather, you will need at least moderate watering, once every 15 to 20 days.
It should be watered when the substrate or soil is completely dry. This plant prefers dryness to excess water, like all succulents.
Excess irrigation water can rot the roots.
The soil of the substrate must be porous and not caked. Procure optimal drainage and avoid puddles.
We can use normal substrates for succulents, always mix them with sand.
How to fertilize the Haworthia cymbiformis
In the case of the fertilizer for our Haworthia cymbiformis, they usually need fertilizer in the growth stage. With a monthly contribution being enough.
Not being primordial, it can be given every 3 or 4 months if its growth is very slow.
Use a commercial multipurpose fertilizer once and at the beginning of the growing season. Try to use half the recommended dose .
Pests that can affect our plant
Pests that typically attack it are, woodlice, aphids and mites. These are usually placed in their fleshy and succulent leaves.
Its leaves can also be attacked by snails and slugs.
Apply the commercial treatments to the effect, that we will be able to find in the specialized establishments.
If we have excessive irrigation, fungal problems may occur.
Reproduction and propagation of Haworthia cymbiformis
The Haworthias cymbiformis are reproduced, by the buds or suckers that appear at the base of the mother plant and also by cuttings of their fleshy leaves. Do it from spring to autumn.
The shoots should be allowed to dry for 3 days before replanting them on a substrate that is moist and sandy.
In a couple of weeks, we will have new roots, always with the humid earth.
They can also be reproduced by seed, although the result is somewhat unknown since it is a plant that hybridizes easily.
They must be replanted frequently because each year a part of their roots dies and then rots in the pot.