The Haworthia fasciata, which is also called Zebra Plant as the attenuata, Haworthia Zebra or is also called Cactus Zebra, is a succulent and not a cactus.
Everything we discuss below will be practically the same as the attenuata, so we will not expand too much.
It is a succulent species of the Xanthorrhoeaceae family. Original from South Africa
Its common name is derived from the horizontal stripes, which echo the stripes of the zebras. Both fasciata and attenuata differ from each other, very slightly.
These succulent plants have similarities with the Aloe plant and are related to the same subfamily.
Description of Haworthia fasciata.
The Haworthia fasciata is a perennial plant, of small size, about 10 cm high. its leaves are triangular in shape, green in color and with narrow strips or white crested strips on the outside.
Leaf not present at its apex, a non-acute spine. The flowers, white, arise in the month of October / November, at the end of an inflorescence.
In the maturity, they get to create numerous rosettes grouped together, small and all of them with many and tight leaves.
In their natural habitat, South Africa (or subtropical) receive a lot of sun and long periods without rain. Due to its nature as a succulent plant, it can store water in the thick leaves, for periods of drought.
Normally, they are usually grown in gardens, however, they are also grown in greenhouses and in homes. It is a very suitable plant, for gardens with rocker.
How to distinguish the fasciata from the attenuata?
The fasciata and the attenuata, are very similar species, therefore, the two are often confused with each other.
The main difference between the two species (H. fasciata – H. attenuata) is that the Haworthia fasciata has the smoother inner side of the leaves, unlike the Haworthia attenuata, which shows tubers, which are warty growths. along the sheet.
The Haworthia fasciata is supposedly harder to find than the attenuata variety and seems to have thicker leaves.
Care of the Haworthia fasciata.
The Haworthia fasciata, is an easily cultivated plant. The small pots go well, where the roots are tight.
The flowers of the Haworthia fasciata, are small white or pink tubular flowers, up to 10 cm, with narrow bands along the flower, green or light reddish brown and growing from an inflorescence.
They grow from long rods, about 30 to 40 cm long, which barely remain upright.
Ideal lighting to promote its growth
The Haworthia fasciata, must remain in a place where it can receive a lot of sun or bright light. The areas of the home facing south-southeast, will give you the greatest amount of sun.
An east or west orientation, will give the direct sun part of the day, more suitable. If they are placed in full sun, they can acquire a reddish or orange hue and grow more slowly.
The excess of sun, can dry the ends of the leaves, symptom that we will have to consider, controlling our plant.
Correct ambient temperature
In winter they must be between 10ºC so as not to interrupt the period of rest they need, it resists low temperatures if the soil is dry.
Winter is the worst time for Haworthia fasciata. The union of irrigation water, together with cold temperatures or air currents, can make the plant sick or even kill it.
The leaves are storage organs, so during the winter irrigate much less and allow the top soil to dry.
It must remain in semi-shade or shadow, but very luminous. It is not good to stay in direct sunlight when the plant is young because it can burn it.
It should receive an intense, but indirect light. In maturity, the plant can be put in full sun and still avoiding the hottest days of summer.
The temperature range should be 18ºC to 26ºC, but not lower than 10ºC.
How to water the Haworthia fasciata
The growing season, from April to September, is when you should irrigate completely and then water, only when the soil is dry to the touch, although not completely dry.
It should be a moderate irrigation in spring and summer and zero or almost zero in the rest of the year.
How to fertilize the Haworthia fasciata
The time to fertilize our plant will be from April to September. A diluted liquid fertilizer can be incorporated into the irrigation water once a month.
Do not give during the winter.
Ideal substrate for our plant
The Haworthias, require a substrate, which is rich in organic matter and sand to facilitate its drainage. They are succulent plants with nutritional needs, rather high.
The substrate or farmland should be a cactus mix, which drains well and gives sufficient aeration to the small, compact roots.
If you make your own mix of soil or substrates, use part of the substrate for cactus, part of pearlite and part of sand.
Reproduction and propagation of the Haworthia fasciata
The Haworthias, as we commented earlier, spread in the same way as the Aloe plants.
It multiplies by separation of rosettes or buds from the mother plant, which produces in large quantity.
They can be propagated with about 5 cm of cut leaves, allowing the wound to heal, for at least a couple of days before planting, leaving them to dry.
They also produce buds or shoots, which can be collected from the mother plant and replanted.
In both methods, you should water the substrate once and then wait to see a small sign of new growth, avoiding excess water.