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Mammillaria bocasana splendens cristata.

Mammillaria bocasana splendens cristata.

The bocasana splendens cristata also known as Crested Fishhooks, Crested Powderpuff Cactus, Crested Snowball Cactus and Crested Powderpuff Cactus

This Cactus has greenish-blue stems with white woolly hairy spines.

The thorns are radial, it has about 50 to 100 in numbers and about 8 to 10 mm long, with one or occasionally two central spines, in the form of a short reddish-brown hook and 5 to 10 mm long.

It is very spectacular and it looks like a big shaggy white ball, where you cannot guess it is a cactus.

It is a kind of relatively free growth, which easily accumulates in a dense mound suffocated by white hairs.

The hook-shaped spines of this spherical cactus were used as hooks in their native Mexico.

Cultivation and growth.

It is a kind of rapid growth. You can fill a 25 cm pot in a few years if the best conditions are met.

The substrate that he likes the most is the standard porous cactus mix soil, part of coarse sand and with little organic matter (peat, humus).

Transplant.

Transplant every 2-3 years.

For good results, use a shallow pot full of very porous compost and only use the diameter pot that fits the plant and with good drainage.

Irrigation.

Water the bocasana splendens cristata, regularly in summer, but do not over water.

Do not water the plant from above, as the spines will retain the water and increase the problems of rot.

It must have good conditions, good ventilation and with bright light, it usually grows without particular difficulty.

Keep dry with abundant air flow in winter. Care should be taken with watering, as it tends to swell and become disordered in the growth habit, if too much water and shade are given.

with buds or shoots

Fertilizers

Fertilizers or fertilization of the plant, during the growing season, enriches the soil with a fertilizer rich in potassium and phosphorus, the poor in nitrogen, since this chemical element does not help the development of succulent plants, which makes them too soft and full of water.

It is quite resistant to frost if it stays dry, resistant to temperatures down to -5 ° C.

However, a little heat throughout the year will increase the growth of the catus and will be at least from 5 ° to 8 ° C during the resting season.

Lighting and sun exposure.

As for the sun exposure, bright sun, filtered sunlight or the shadow of the afternoon. Indoors you need bright light and some direct sun.

High levels of light are needed to flower and for good development of the cactus. You can burn with the sun if you move from the shade/greenhouse to the full sun too quickly.

During the spring, it can be in the sun until the end of spring.

Plagues and diseases.

Bocasana splendens cristata easily attracts pest. A large variety of insects, but plants in good condition should be almost free of pests.

If we grow them with a good substrate and mixture of mineral pots, with good exposure and ventilation, it will grow in a solvent way.

Pests and diseases that may affect you:

Pests:

 

Bocasana splendens cristata is a cactus sensitive to the red spider. Overhead irrigation is useful for controlling mites.

Cottony Cochineal, occasionally, mealy insects become airborne in the new growth of the wool with disfiguring results, but the worst types develop underground in the roots and are invisible, except for their effects.

Diseases:

 Root rot is not a serious problem if the plant is maintained under controlled irrigation conditions. 

They should be well aerated and watered only when the substrate is well dried.

Multiplication.

Multiplication can be by means of grafting or division.

The cuts, for the case of division, will take root in a minimum temperature of 20 ° C, better in hot climates or greenhouses.

Healthy sprout clippings can be picked in the spring and summer.

Cut the stem with a sharp and sterile knife, leave the cut in a warm and dry place for a week at least, depending on the thickness of the cut, until a callus forms on the wound.

Once the callus is formed, the cut can be planted on a cactus substrate and with a superficial layer of coarse sand.

They should be placed on coarse sand only. This will prevent the end of the cut from getting too wet and allowing the roots to penetrate the rich compost below.

The cuttings will take root in 2 to 6 weeks.

Mammillaria bocasana

Mammillaria bocasana – Powder Puff Cactus

Mammillaria crucigera.

Mammillaria crucigera – Owl Eye Cactus