Most of our food supplies are due to pollinating insects . And as their populations minimize, it is paramount that we help them multiply when they visit the garden. So a good alternative to it, is to have succulents to attract them, so it would be excellent to know which are the most suitable.
How to create a garden with succulents
There are many succulents such as Aloe , Echeveria, Sedum and Kalanchoe, among others that offer clusters of flowers above their leaves. So you can have a garden with succulents that attracts pollinating insects throughout the year. Pollinators include wasps, bees, bats, butterflies and beetles.
In order to attract pollinators, it is necessary to dedicate a good part of the garden to the succulents with flowers, as well as places with water and for their nesting.
It is essential to avoid the use of pesticides (chemicals) and if it is very necessary, ideally they should be organic pesticides and applied at night when the pollinators are not prowling the plants.
Locate a strategic area to place the succulents and you can admire the whole show. You can even mix the succulents with aromatic plants and traditional flowers that also attract these insects.
Succulent plants that attract pollinating insects
Members of the sedum family are favorites for pollinating insects. They provide a beautiful flower in the spring, autumn and winter, either on the upper floors or on the floor coverings.
The flowers of the saguaro cactus and the Sansevieria manage to attract the moths and the bats. From the genus of South American Espostoa cactus, the flowers appear in the form of brushes that are found at the tips of the buds that open at night and are pollinated by the bats
Flies prefer those plants with strong odor and in most cases they are unpleasant. Within these succulents is the Stapelia, so it is better not to have them very close to the rest area.
Bees prefer succulent plants that give flowers similar to daisies. For example you can find the Lithops or Stone Plant, which has long-lasting flowers in the summer and is resistant to winter. Likewise, bees are attracted to Crassula falcata, Sedum Rupestre or Angelina, Portulaca, La siempreviva, some varieties of Senecios and Calandrinia Grandoflora.
Importance of pollinating insects
- The best known pollinators are honey bees, which not only pollinate the flowers but also produce honey. There are more than 20,000 species of wild bees whose body is full of villi with which they transport pollen. Even in many places, bees are used for the production of vegetables.
- The bumblebee generates a process of pollination, since it has larger dimensions and more villi than wild bees. In addition, their hives have 400 individuals and larger. This species is used in forage plants or cover crops such as alfalfa. But it has had great acceptance in greenhouses of eggplant, tomato and cucumber.
- The wasps are from the same family of bees. There are several species, but the most common is what is known as a parasitic bee that helps control certain pests in the garden.
- Beetles are insects that have existed long before plants. These pollinating insects are attracted by white or whitish flowers.
- The butterflies mostly feed on the nectar of the flower while their legs help spread the pollen.
- Other polarizing insects are several species of birds, hummingbirds and bats. The latter have a long tongue that helps them reach nectar and pollen. Being migratory, they can transport pollen over long distances.