A study by the University of Seville of the Department of Evolutionary Psychology and Education , has ventured to investigate whether there are specific differences between homoparental families and “traditional” families. To address it, they analyzed all the studies carried out around the reality of the homoparental family from its beginnings, in the 70s, to the present. His conclusion was that the development of the children was totally normal, but also that the homoparental families face specific challenges and difficulties that should be considered. The authors of the study, Gonzalez and López, extracted from their studies that society can learn from homoparental families the values ??of equality, tolerance and freedom that they promote, and at the same time must provide these families with the same legal rights and educational professionals prepared to form in tolerance.
These are, briefly, the weaknesses and strengths that the researchers found:
Those linked to the integration of the homosexual identity of fathers or mothers:
The study shows some interviews with children of homosexual couples who were not clear about the orientation of their parents, which led to confusion or denial of their homosexuality. Hence the need to be visible against being ambiguous, especially with children.
Possible homophobic reactions of its environment.
A difficult environment is what can most difficult a homoparental family a satisfactory situation. It is important to find a facilitating, empathetic, and integrating habitat.
Exceptionality and absence of references
Feeling different is always a difficult subject for any teenager. The study launches data such as that 60% of the children of homosexual couples interviewed would have wished to have a friend with a similar family. Hence the need to provide children with references, both day to day, as in the cinema, reading, television, etc.
Lack of Legitimacy
Living 100% under the law is not a luxury, it is a necessity. That is why the main complaints of homoparental families are legal.
Greater equality in gender roles
From the multitude of studies analyzed in the study it is clear that the education received by these children suffers much less gender clichés.
Very thoughtful motherhood or fatherhood
The fact that they tend to be conscientiously sought children makes fathers and mothers more prepared, more excited and more involved in the education of their children, which directly affects their self-esteem and motivation for their lives.
Education for tolerance
It seems that homoparental couples defend “tolerance” as one of the main values ??to inculcate their children and that they do so in practice, facilitating respect for difference, their own and that of others.
Education to live sexuality freely
The children surveyed from homoparental families affirmed that they had freely chosen their sexuality and felt totally respected in their times and their tendencies, above the children of “traditional” families.
In definite, the differences between families are almost imperceptible, but not the specific needs of each family model. Just as single-parent families have their own characteristics that require legal support and a society that facilitates their integration, homoparental families have some difficulties that must be known and alleviated and some strengths that could be enhanced in the rest of families.