What is puberty?
The puberty , early adolescence or adolescence early is the initial phase of transition between stages of childhood and adulthood in human life. It usually starts between 10 and 16 years, depending on the subject, and culminates around 19 or 20.
During puberty, people suffer a drastic and important series of physical, biological and emotional changes, as they move towards sexual and reproductive maturity.
This implies a marked sexual differentiation in the body of children, as well as a series of hormonal and, consequently, psychosocial and cultural changes.
Puberty is often the stage of celebratory and initiation rituals, which symbolize the entry of the pubic into the adult world. Those who go through this stage are known as púberes or adolescents.
Characteristics of puberty
Puberty begins at an imprecise moment, variant according to the person, around the age of 13.
It can be before or after, depending on the vital context of the person: nutrition, genetic factors and some possible health complications (obesity, for example, delays its appearance) or congenital diseases.
Puberty is triggered by the biological clock of our body, which once ready to undertake the transition to adulthood, triggers the secretion of various hormones (mainly sexual), to activate the reproductive maturation processes of the organism.
This process is unique, individual and irreversible, and does not depend on the will of the person at all.
The main hormones involved in the activation of puberty are somatotropin, testosterone (mostly in men) and estrogens (unique to women), among others.
The main organs responsible for producing them are the sexual glands or gonads: the ovaries in women and the testicles in men.
During puberty, the sexual function of individuals awakens, which translates into a new biological, psychological and emotional thrust, derived from the appearance of sex hormones in the body.
To this is added the reproductive preparation of the bodies, which implies the segregation of semen, the thickening of the penis and the growth of the testicles in man; and the onset of the menstrual cycle and ovulation, the growth of the breasts and the change of the vaginal mucosa in women.
It can serve you: Male reproductive system
Body growth and redistribution of fat are notorious at puberty.
In the male case, the widening of the backs and the main muscles , the hardening of the factions and the increase in height and weight are common factors.
In the woman’s, in addition to the growth in size and weight, increase in the hips and bust , there is a pelvic change that prepares the body for reproduction and childbirth.
Body odor and appearance
Another common change in puberty is the accentuation of body odors, both in men and women, and the change in the nature of the skin, which often leads to episodes of acne , the severity of which depends on each individual.
Appearance of hair
The appearance of body hair is a clear symptom of puberty, especially in the armpits, extremities and pubic area. In men, likewise, facial hair appears.
The change in the voice, manifested in the discouragement, is common . In the case of men, thickening is often preceded by stages of variability and fluctuation, the product of changes in the vocal cords.
Emotions are also a field of changes in puberty and are often considered a stormy and erratic stage in that regard. The pubertals live the stimuli much more dramatically and exhibit drastic mood swings.
This is normal and is part of the period of emotional adjustment to adulthood. The end result will be a greater emotional settlement, characteristic of early adulthood.
In human culture, puberty is usually accompanied by rituals of religious, tribal or social initiation, which usually involve the “presentation” to the adult society of the new adult member.
There may also be availability for love and sexual engagement , as was done with quinceañeras in times not so distant, arranging them for marriage.