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Examples of weak Acids


Weak acids do not separate completely in their ions in water. For example, HF separates into the H + and F ions  in water, but a part of the HF remains in the solution, so it is not a strong acid. There are many more weak acids than strong acids. Most organic acids are weak acids. Then leave the list with all weak acids:

Examples of weak acids

  • The acetic acid , organic acid responsible for the acidity of vinegar ,
  • The citric acid , present in lemons and other fruits,
  • The boric acid , which is used as an antiseptic and in ophthalmology ,
  • The carbonic acid
  • The phosphoric acid present in many soft drinks,
  • The hypobromous acid ,
  • Hydrogen sulfide or hydrogen sulfide   
  • Also some salts, such as phosphate of ammonium ).
  • HO 2 C 2 O 2 H – oxalic acid
  • 2 SO 3  – sulfurous acid
  • HSO  –  – hydrogen sulfate ion
  • HNO  – nitrous acid
  • HF – hydrofluoric acid
  • HCO 2 H – methanoic acid
  • 6 H 5 COOH – benzoic acid
  • HCOOH – formic acid


Weak acids ionize incompletely. A clear example of reaction is the separation of ethanoic acid in water to produce hydroxonium cations and ethanoate anions:

CH 3 COOH + H 2 O ? H 3 O + + CH 3 COO 

Keep in mind that in this chemical equation the reaction arrow points in both directions. Only 1% percent of ethanoic acid is converted into ions, while the rest is ethanoic acid. The return reaction is much more favorable than the forward reaction, therefore the ions easily change to weak acid and water.


Examples of strong acids


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