Frugivorous animals are animals that feed on fruit, partially or exclusively. They are found within the group of herbivores . Some examples are the gorilla , parrot , squirrel .
Since fruit is one of the most nutritious and complete foods, many animals base their food on fruits. This is the case of the toucan , which has a digestive system that is adapted for this.
A frugivorous animal does not necessarily eat only fruit. For example the tapir or the chimpanzee act as frugivorous animals but nevertheless they do not feed only on fruits. Many also eat leaves, seeds, and insects .
Although the opposite is thought, fruits are the food base of a quarter of the mammals that currently exist around the entire planet. In other words, 1 in 4 mammals bases their diet on fruits .
Function in the food chain
Frugivores fulfill an essential function in ecosystems, and that is that they are sowers of seeds . After eating fruits and defecating on the fields, they help plant new plants, favoring the food chain .
On the other hand, it is important to mention that these animals have their digestive system prepared for this purpose. That is to say, many of the seeds that they ingest do not digest them since they must defecate them to continue with this sowing chain. This process is known as endozoocoria .
These animals, since they do not eat meat, must have their teeth adapted to the fruits. Thus, the frugivorous animals have a format of teeth capable of piercing the skin of the fruit and breaking the seeds or pits thereof.
In general, the teeth of these animals have the most developed molars, while they have the most atrophied fangs and canine teeth since they do not use them too much.
Examples of frugivorous animals
|Gibbon||Pacú (is a fish)|