Characteristics of non-flowering plants
The main characteristic of plants without flowers is their way of reproducing. As they do not have a reproductive organ, they do not produce fruits or seeds. These can be divided into two large groups: the bryophytes , where the moss is found, and the pteridophytes , where the ferns are found. Outside these two large groups there are other species without flowers, such as algae and other prehistoric plants.
Other peculiarities of these plants without flowers is their intense green hue, where in the case of ferns, they present strong stems and large leaves to favor the absorption of nutrients.
Their reproductive cycle can be somewhat complex. The spores are responsible for reproduction. These are structures capable of creating new individuals through cell division. The spores, normally located on the underside of the leaves, wait until they are mature to fall to the ground. In this way, if the area where the spore is placed complies with sufficient humidity, a new plant will be created. We could say that the spores create a genetically identical plant from the original mother plant.
Plants without flowers have a wide diversity and distribution in the world. Therefore, we have made a list of plants without flowers that are outstanding species below .
Examples of plants without flowers
1. Bryophytes or mosses
Mosses , as they do not have conductive tissues, feed directly on dispersed particles in water and soil. Bryophyte plants do not have conductive vessels, so each of the cells that make them up has to come into contact individually with light and water to carry out photosynthesis.
Therefore, it is normal to associate them in humid places and where the sun does not reach. There are a great variety of species and, in fact, we can find them both forming colonies on land or rocks, as well as in the aquatic environment.
2. Pteridophytes or ferns
The pteridophytes plants if they have conducting vessels that circulate sap, to the contrary mosses. Larger in size, these plants without flowers reproduce by spores and need to inhabit humid environments.
The wide variety and hardiness of ferns have made them one of the most popular species for both interior and exterior decoration. Its striking coloration and dense foliage is perfect for creating cool spaces.
3.Equisetum or horse tails
They are plants without flowers , that have rhizomes and that can reach up to one meter in height. It has herbaceous, branched and articulated stems. Its reproductive structure, called the strobilus, is made up of scales that keep the spores to open when they are mature. This type of plant, which is known as horsetail or horsetail , prefers moist and rich in nutrients, so it is normal to find it in growing areas and on the banks of ditches.
4. Anthocerotophyta or hornworts
The Anthocerotophyta or hornworts are non-vascular plants that have a flattened, leaf-shaped body, also called th anywhere in the world. Typical of aquatic environments they need humid and shady places.
The liverworts , to the like mosses and hornworts, are nonvascular plants . These are characterized by being medium-sized plants that have a varied coloration to carry out photosynthesis. They generally grow in a wide variety of places such as tree branches, rocks, trunks and even ravines. This is due to having a strong anchor with which to adapt to the terrain.
Conifers, found throughout the world, are mostly woody plants, and trees make up the vast majority of conifers. They carry male and female cones that do not have to pollinate and spread.
- Cypress trees
- Pine trees
- Yew trees
- Fir tree
Ancient plants dating back to the Jurassic era, cycads are found today primarily in tropical or subtropical climates. Cycads are characterized by having thick trunks and large divided leaves; they have visual similarities to palm trees and tree ferns.
Commonly known as the maiden hair tree, Gingko Biloba , it is the only remaining species from the Ginkgophyta plant division. Although they only grow in the wild in China, they have been cultivated all over the world. They have notched fan-shaped green leaves that turn yellow in colder climates. Male trees produce tiny cones that produce pollen; the females, once pollinated and fertilized, produce seeds with a
Names of plants without flowers for your garden – examples
These are some examples of the plants without flowers that are easy to find in the florist or in nurseries, that is, they are the most common:
- Cycas revoluta
- Dicksonia Antarctica
- Compact Diffenbachia
- Dracena Marginata
- Calathea Medaillon
- Fittonia verschaffeltii
- Kentia Forsteriana
- Codiaeum variegatum
- Tradescantia zebrina
- Scindapsus Pictus
- Adiantum capillus-veneris
- Equisetum sylvaticum
- Ctenanthe setosa