in ,

REHABILITATION AFTER HIP JOINT REPLACEMENT SURGERY

The period of life has been lengthened, we are a generation that lives by far the longest. It is caused by the development of medicine and broadly understood civilization, which allow for the rapid detection of disease changes and their effective treatment.

However, the fact that we live longer and how we live (sedentary lifestyle, lack of physical activity, stress, poor diet) unfortunately has a negative impact on the condition of our movement system and the development of various pain ailments. This is a huge challenge for modern medicine, which strives to restore the patients’ fitness, reduce pain and, as far as possible, recover the function.

 

One of the greatest achievements of medicine in the last century is arthroplasty (a procedure involving the removal of a diseased segment and the implantation of an artificial replacement element – a prosthesis), which gives patients the ability to function without pain and suffering.

Indications for hip arthroplasty

Similarly to the knee joint, the basic indications for arthroplasty are strong pain-free pain and loss of joint function.

The disorder of hip joint function is most often found in:

  • rheumatic disease
  • osteoarthritis of the hip
  • past injuries and fractures within the pelvis and femur (especially the proximal end)
  • necrosis of the femoral head

and then there are difficulties in walking up the stairs, standing up from a sitting position and constant pain accompanying the simplest activities of everyday life.

Hip arthroplasty – what is the procedure?

The hip arthroplasty involves the removal of damaged joint surfaces within the proximal femur (femoral head) and acetabulum of the joint. Depending on the extent of the changes, the exchange includes one or both surfaces.

1. total arthroplasty – replacement of both femoral head and acetabulum. The prosthesis consists of a mandrel that is placed within the femur and metal or ceramic head of the femur. The second element of the prosthesis is a metal cup with an insert.

Sharing economy: what it is and examples

Differences between “soft skills” and “hard skills”