As the name already suggests, Biological Sciences is responsible for the study of all life forms on the planet, from very simple and microscopic beings to the most complex animals, as well as the origin, evolution , structure and functioning of organisms. to study the environment in which they are inserted. That’s basically it. However, if we are to delve into the areas and activity in which a biologist can act, we will see that it is very diversified.
The person graduated in Biology can still choose between two divisions, the baccalaureate or the licenciatura, the last, focused on the preparation of the teacher.
The biologist’s areas of action, according to the federal council, are subdivided into three:
ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY. SOME AREAS:
Aquaculture: Management and Production; Environmental Audit; Bioethics; Bioinformatics; Biomonitoring; Diagnosis, Control and Environmental Monitoring; Environmental education; Environmental management; Management of Germplasm Banks; Bioterrorism Management; Botanic Gardens Management; Environmental Licensing; Environmental Microbiology; Forensic Environmental Forensics / Forensic Biology and many others.
SOME AREAS OF HEALTH:
Genetic Counseling; Cytogenetic Analysis; Biomolecular Analyzes and Diagnoses; Histopathological Analysis; Analyzes, Bioassays and Tests in Animals; Analysis, Processes and Research in Organ and Fabric Bank; Analysis, Processes and Research in Blood Bank and Hemoderivatives; Analyzes, Processes and Researches in Bank of Semen, Ovules and Embryos etc.
BIOTECHNOLOGY AND PRODUCTION. SOME AREAS:
Biodegradation; Bioinformatics; Molecular biology; Biosafety; Cell and Tissue Culture; Development and Production of Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs); Genetic Engineering / Bioengineering; Quality management; Genetical enhancement; Expertise / Forensic Biology; Biological Processes of Fermentation and Transformation; Training and Teaching in Biotechnology and Production.
Biomedicine is an area of ??biology. Through it researchers will study human diseases, as well as their causes and the means of treating them, which will include the study of pathogens in search of medicines . It also includes the performance and interpretation of clinical exams and analyzes. It is the area focused on human health .
Similar to Biological Sciences, Biomedicine also has specific areas. Some of them:
Clinical Pathology (Clinical Analysis); Parasitology; Microbiology; Immunology; Hematology; Biochemistry; Blood bank; Human physiology; Public health; Food Microbiology ; Oncotic Cytology; Environmental Analysis; Acupuncture; Genetics; Embryology; Human Reproduction; Molecular biology; Pharmacology; Psychobiology; Pathologic anatomy; Toxicology; Sanitarista, among others.
In order to work in a fertility clinic and with stem cell research the most appropriate would be to study Biological Sciences, since Biomedicine is focused on diseases and the means to treat them. After studying biology, one must do a postgraduate or specialization in the area that intends to act, because the graduation course is quite broad, and in the curriculum matrix there is no deepening of the areas of interest. In addition, hardly a biologist will be hired to work in this area of ??not having at least a specialization in human fertility. In any case, although the indicated one is to graduate in biological sciences, the Biomédico will also be able to graduate in human fertility and also, it will be able to act in this area.