Advantages and disadvantages of robotic surgery

For many years, robotic  surgery has been considered as the paradigm of the most advanced technology. However, the reality is that, despite being an important surgical advance, there are advantages and disadvantages in performing different abdominal surgical techniques with laparoscopic procedures.

Practicing an operation poses risks for the patient, life can be compromised if an unforeseen event occurs during the process, an error or medical malpractice (the term used to refer to negligent acts or mismanagement, by default) or by the action of a medical professional). Accuracy, when surgery is treated, is vital and for years has been in the hands of human beings.

The robotic surgery is performing surgical procedures using robots or machines developed with innovative technology. This type of operations is characterized by high precision and a lower level of invasion. However, it is not a 100% safe procedure, the risk is still present.

In robotic surgery or laparoscopic surgery assisted by a robot, the presence of a surgeon is as important as in the traditional way, it is who controls through a monitor, each of the movements of the machine. The procedure is performed using general anesthesia, the patient does not feel pain at any time.

Benefits and advantages of Robotic Surgery

The benefits of practicing robotic surgery for the patient are several, it could be said that the most important are: the risk of suffering complications during the surgical procedure is reduced, the recovery process and the stay in the hospital take place more quickly, the pain produced is less, the scars are less visible and the risk of infection is smaller, as is the loss of blood.

One of the most frequent concerns of patients, when they need to perform surgery, is the relationship between recovery time and responsibilities in the workplace or study, as well as the accumulation of obligations. The robotic surgery significantly reduces all this time, why is an excellent choice for the individual.

The advantages of robotic surgery are multiple, among them are: notably increases the accuracy, that is, is not subjected to involuntary movements of the surgeon, access to cavities and areas of difficult access improvement, due to the size of the robot instruments , the doctor adapted to the technology , will do a better job and will have greater control over the operation. The robotic surgery has HD equipment that increases the visual ability of the physician.

Disadvantages  of robotic surgery

Performing a surgical procedure using high- tech equipment can mean an increase in the costs of the operation and treatment. The inexperience of the doctor, when working with electronic equipment means a risk, there may be some inconvenience in the programming of the system or a failure in any of the equipment. One solution could be to have an expert in advanced medical equipment .

The technology is innovating all the time, that is to say, every year new technological devices appear that surpass in quality to the previous ones, improving the experience of the users. The medical equipment , could also fall into obsolescence quickly, this would imply a constant renewal of the apparatuses, increasing the cost remarkably.


    The application of robotics in medicine allows its advancement through the development of new study and work techniques.
    The precision, reliability, performance and speed is what robotics offers during surgical interventions.
    The equipment and systems that have robotic technology are able to withstand large doses of radiation.
    The robots do not experience fatigue or tremor, so they are able to do their job over and over again.
Video cameras can be added to the robotic equipment, with which they obtain recordings of the work carried out. 
    It facilitates non-massive surgical interventions.
Surgical operations can be carried out from different parts of the world.
     The main problem with this technology is the high cost of the equipment and its maintenance, thus obtaining a high price in treatments or operations.
    The difficulty that appears in the programming of the systems and equipment, requires information that is geometrically difficult to express in a linguistic way.
    Like all technological equipment, machines and robotic systems will be considered obsolete because it will be replaced by another more 

For what surgeries are robotic surgery used?

This surgery system is ideal for those more complex and difficult to access surgeries. Within the specialty of general surgery, its application is widely developed in the oncological surgery of the rectum and esophagus-gastric and also, in other procedures such as surgery of the morbid obesity and the pelvic floor.

The most qualified hospitals in the world have progressively incorporated this technology, thus increasing the therapeutic offer to their patients. Currently, there are more than 3,000 units of the da Vinci robot worldwide, 25 of which are in public and private hospitals throughout Spain. Our team, in line with the super-specialization of our surgeons, we have also opted for it.

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